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048

Respiratory System - Q – Symptomatic terms & A – Meaning

QuestionAnswer
eupnea normal breathing
bradypnea slow breathing
tachypnea fast breathing
hypopnea shallow breathing
hyperpnea deep breathing
dyspnea difficulty breathing
apnea inability to breathe
orthopnea ability to breathe only in an upright position
Cheyne-Stokes respiration pattern of breathing characterized by a gradual increase of depth and, sometimes, in rate to a maximum level, followed by a decrease, resulting in apnea
chān-stōks res-pi-rā′shn 0
crackles popping sounds heard on auscultation of the lung when air enters diseased airways and alveoli; occurs in disorders such as bronchiectasis or atelectasis
wheezes high-pitched, musical sounds heard on auscultation of the lung as air flows through a narrowed airway; occurs in disorders such as asthma or emphysema
stridor high-pitched, crowing sound that occurs with an obstruction in the upper airway (trachea or larynx)
caseous necrosis degeneration and death of tissue with a cheese-like appearance
cyanosis bluish coloration of the skin caused by a deficient amount of oxygen in the blood
dysphonia hoarseness (phon/o = voice or sound)
epistaxis nosebleed (epi = upon; stazo = to drip)
expectoration coughing up and spitting out of material from the lungs
sputum material expelled from the lungs by coughing
hemoptysis coughing up and spitting out blood that originates in the lungs (ptysis = to spit)
hypercapnia excessive level of carbon dioxide in the blood (capno = smoke; carbo = coal)
hyperventilation excessive movement of air into and out of the lungs, causing hypocapnia
hypocapnia deficient level of carbon dioxide in the blood
hypoventilation deficient movement of air into and out of the lungs, causing hypercapnia
hypoxemia deficient amount of oxygen in the blood
hypoxia deficient amount of oxygen in tissue cells
obstructive lung disorder) condition blocking the flow of air moving out of the lungs
restrictive lung disorder condition limiting the intake of air into the lungs
pulmonary edema fluid filling the spaces around the alveoli and, eventually, flooding into the alveoli
pulmonary infiltrate density on an x-ray image representing the consolidation of matter within the air spaces of the lungs, usually resulting from an inflammatory process
rhinorrhea thin, watery discharge from the nose (runny nose)
Created by: MT student1