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68C Medterm Ph.1 T.3

Medical Terminology Test 3 Body Movements

QuestionAnswer
Abduction movement of an extremity away from the midline of the body
Adduction movement of an extremity toward the midline of the body
Alignment relationship of various body parts to one another
Base of support area on which an object rests; a stance with feet slightly apart
Body mechanics physiologic study of the muscular actions and the functions of muscles in maintaining posture of the body
Compartment syndrome occurs in the extremities, especially the legs, where a sheath of inelastic fascia partions the blood vessel, nerve, and muscle tissue, leading to tissue necrosis if not relieved
Contractures abnormal, usually permanent condition of a joint characterized by flexion and fixation and caused by atrophy
Dorsal(supine) lying horizontal on the back
Dorsal recumbent supine position with patient lying on back, head and shoulders with extremities moderately flexed and legs extended
Dorsiflexion bending or flexing backward, as in upward bending of the fingers, wrists, feet and toes
Extension movement of joint that increases the angle between two adjoining bones
Flexion movement of certain joints that decrease the angle between two adjoining bones
Fowler's position a position arranged by elevating the head of the bed 45-60 degrees
Genupectoral(knee to chest) patient kneels so weight of body is supported by knees and chest
Hyperextension extension of a limb or part beyond the normal limit
Immobility inability to move around freely, caused by any condition in which movement is impaired or therapeutically restricted
Joint any one of the connections between bones
Lateral position when patient is resting on his/her side
Lithotomy patient lying supine with the hips and knees flexed and the thighs abducted and rotated externally
Logroll technique used to turn a patient in bed as a single unit while maintaining straight body alignment
Mobility the ability to move in one's environment with ease and without restriction
Necrosis local death of tissue from disease or injury
Orthopnea the ability to breathe only in the upright position
Orthopneic pertains to the posture assumed by the patient sitting up in bed at a 90 degree angle
Physical disuse syndrome a state in which an individual is at risk for deterioration of body systems as the result of prescribed or unavoidable inactivity
Pivot turn or change of direction with your feet while remaining in a fixed place
Pressure ulcer an ulcer that forms from a local interference with circulation
Pronation palm of the hand turned down
Prone position when the patient is lying face down
Range of motion normal movement that any given joint is capable of making. Any body action involving the muscles joints and natural directional movement
Semi-Fowler's position position arranged by elevating the head of the bed approximately 30 degrees
Shearing force an applied force that causes a downward and forward pressure on the tissues beneath the skin
Sim's position patient lies on the left side, partially on abdomen, with right knee and thigh drawn upward toward chest
Supination the act of turning the palm of the hand forward or upward
Supine position resting on back
Created by: ajwildasin30