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Cardiovascular System -Q – Operative Terms & A – Meaning

coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) grafting a portion of a blood vessel retrieved from another part of the body (e.g., a length of saphenous vein from the leg or mammary artery from the chest wall) to bypass an occluded coronary artery, restoring circulation to myocardial tissue; the tradi
anastomosis opening; the joining of two blood vessels to allow flow from one to the other
endarterectomy surgical removal of the lining of an artery to clear a blockage caused by a clot or atherosclerotic plaque buildup
valve replacement surgery to replace a diseased heart valve with an artificial valve; there are two types of artificial valves: tissue valves, most commonly made from animal tissue (e.g., porcine [pig] or bovine [cow]), and mechanical valves, made from synthetic material
valvuloplasty surgical repair of a defective heart valve
percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) ( interventional procedures used to treat coronary artery disease (CAD) performed at the time of cardiac catheterization in a specialized laboratory setting (or “cath lab”) instead of the traditional operating room
angioscopy use of a flexible fiberoptic angioscope (accompanied by an irrigation system, camera, video recorder, and monitor) that
vascular endoscopy is guided through a specific blood vessel to visually assess a lesion and to select the mode of therapy
atherectomy ( excision of atheromatous plaque from within an artery utilizing a device housed in a flexible catheter that selectively cuts away or pulverizes tissue buildup
percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) a method for treating the narrowing of a coronary artery by inserting a specialized catheter with a balloon attachment, then inflating the balloon to dilate and open the narrowed portion of the vessel and restore blood flow to the myocardium; most often i
intravascular stent placement implantation of a device used to reinforce the wall of a vessel and assure its patency (openness); most often used to treat a stenosis or a dissection (a split or tear in the wall of a vessel) or to reinforce patency of a vessel after angioplasty
Created by: MT student1