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Ap Euro Flash Cards

TermDefinition
Brunelleschi, II Duomo Atop Santa Maria del Fiore is his masterpiece; it was the largest dome in Europe at the time of its construction
Lorenzo Ghiberti, "Gates of paradise" sculptor Won a contest in 1403 against Brunelleschi that earned him the commission to sculpt the bronze doors for Florentine baptistery
Donatello, David Sculptor
Sandra Botticelli, Birth of Venus Painter: Birth of Venus
"High Renaissance" Centered in Rome
Leonardo Da Vinci, Mona Lisa The quintessential “Renaissance Man”,Painter, sculptor, architect, engineer, writer and scientist
Raphael, School of Athens Painter, Example of humanism
Michelangelo, David; Ceiling of Sistine Chapel; dome in St. Peters Basilica, Pieta Painting: ceiling of the Sistine Chapel,
Titian Greatest painter of the Venetian school
Mannerism Characteristic, Reaction against the Renaissance ideals of balance,symmetry, simplicity and realistic use of color
El Greco Greek artist; did most of his greatest work in Spain
Northern Renaissance Late-15th and 16th centuries
Christian Humanism Emphasized early Church writings that provided answers on how to improve society and reform the church
Erasmus, "In praise of Folly" Most famous and celebrated of all northern humanists
Thomas More, Utopia Prime example of a civic humanist; he rose to the highest government position of any humanist
Francisco Rabelais, Gargantua and Pantagruel His secular writings portrayed his confidence in human nature and reflected Renaissance tastes
Michel de Montaigne, Skepticism, Essay Form Developed the essay form
William Shakespeare Elizabethan era, Greatest Renaissance Writer
Miguel de cervantes, Don Quixote Among the greatest pieces of Spanish literature
Flemish style The Low Countries produced especially important artists
Jan Van Eyck Most famous and innovative Flemish painter of the 15th century
Peter Bruegel, The elder Focused on lives of ordinary people
Albrecht Durer Foremost northern Renaissance artist
Hans Holbein the Younger Premier portrait artist of his era: painted Erasmus,More, numerous portraits of King Henry VIII and also his family members
Christine de Pisan In the 14th century); the debate continued for six hundred years
Isabella d'Este "First Lady” of the Renaissance
Artemisia Gentileschi Considered a Baroque Painter, First female artist to gain recognition
Simony Sale of Church offices
Pluralism An official holding more than one office at a time
Nepotism Favoring Family Members in the Appointment of church offices
Absenteeism An official not participating in benefices but receiving payment and privileges
Sale of indulgences People paying money to the Church to absolve their sins or sins of their loved ones
Clerical Ignorance Many priests were virtually illiterate
Erasmus, In Praise of folly Criticized the corruption in the church and the hypocrisy of the clergy
Martin Luther Augustinian monk; taught at the University of Wittenberg in Saxony
Johann Eck One of the great Catholic theologians
"Priesthood of all believers" Not a hierarchical structure
Diet Of Worms Tribunal of the holy roman empire with the power to outlaw ans sentence execution through stake burning
Charles V Sought to stop Protestantism and preserve the hegemony of Catholicism
German peasants War, Twelve Articles Peasants demanded end of serfdom and tithes, and other practices of feudalism that oppressed the peasants Many of these peasants were inspired by Luther
Created by: Nadarsarang