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Cardiovascular System -Q – Symptomatic Term & A – Meaning

neurysm a widening; a bulging of the wall of the heart, aorta, or artery caused by a congenital defect or acquired weakness
saccular aneurysm a sac-like bulge on one side
fusiform aneurysm a spindle-shaped bulge
dissecting aneurysm a split or tear of the vessel wall
angina pectoris chest pain caused by a temporary loss of oxygenated blood to heart muscle; often caused by narrowing of the coronary arteries (angina = to choke)
arteriosclerosis thickening, loss of elasticity, and calcification (hardening) of arterial walls
atherosclerosis a form of arteriosclerosis characterized by the buildup of fatty substances that harden within the walls of arteries
atheromatous plaque a swollen area within the lining of an artery caused by the buildup of fat (lipids)
claudication to limp; pain in a limb (especially the calf) while walking that subsides after rest; caused by inadequate blood supply
constriction compression of a part that causes narrowing (stenosis)
diaphoresis profuse sweating (perspiration)
embolus a clot (e.g., air, fat, or a foreign object) carried in the bloodstream that obstructs the flow of blood when it lodges (embolus = a stopper)
heart murmur an abnormal sound from the heart produced by defects in the chambers or valves
infarct to stuff; a localized area of necrosis (condition of tissue death) caused by ischemia resulting from occlusion of a blood vessel
ischemia to hold back blood; decreased blood flow to tissue caused by constriction or occlusion of a blood vessel
perfusion deficit lack of flow through a blood vessel caused by narrowing, occlusion, etc.
occlusion plugging; an obstruction or a closing off
palpitation subjective experience of pounding, skipping, or racing heartbeats
stenosis condition of narrowing of a part
thrombus a stationary blood clot
vegetation to grow; an abnormal growth of tissue around a valve, generally as a result of infection
Created by: MT student1