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Musculoskeletal system - Q – Therapeutic terms & A – Meaning

closed reduction, external fixation of a fracture external manipulation of a fracture to regain alignment along with application of an external device to protect and hold the bone in place while healing
casting (Fig. 4-21) use of a stiff, solid dressing around a limb or other body part to immobilize it during healing
splinting (Fig. 4-22) use of a rigid device to immobilize or restrain a broken bone or injured body part; provides less support than a cast, but can be adjusted more easily to accommodate swelling from an injury
traction (Tx) (Fig. 4-23) application of a pulling force to a fractured bone or dislocated joint to maintain proper position during healing
closed reduction, percutaneous fixation of a fracture (Fig. 4-24) external manipulation of a fracture to regain alignment, followed by insertion of one or more pins through the skin to maintain position; often includes use of an external device called a fixator to keep the fracture immobilized during healing
orthosis (Fig. 4-25) use of an orthopedic appliance to maintain a bone's position or to provide limb support (e.g., back, knee, or wrist brace)
ōr-thō′sis 0
physical therapy (PT) treatment to rehabilitate patients disabled by illness or injury; involves many different modalities (methods), such as exercise, hydrotherapy, diathermy, and ultrasound
prosthesis (Fig. 4-26) an artificial replacement for a missing body part or a device used to improve a body function, such as an artificial limb, hip, or joint
analgesic a drug that relieves pain
narcotic a potent analgesic with addictive properties
antiinflammatory a drug that reduces inflammation
antipyretic a drug that relieves fever
nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAID) a group of drugs with analgesic, antiinflammatory, and antipyretic properties (e.g., ibuprofen and aspirin) commonly used to treat arthritis
angi/o, vas/o, vascul/o vessel
aort/o aorta
arteri/o artery
ather/o fatty (lipid) paste
atri/o atrium
cardi/o heart
coron/o circle or crown
my/o muscle
pector/o, steth/o chest
sphygm/o pulse
thromb/o clot
ven/o, phleb/o vein
varic/o swollen, twisted vein
ventricul/o ventricle (belly or pouch)
Created by: MT student1