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018

Integument System Overview - Q – Common Operative terms & A – Meaning

QuestionAnswer
chemosurgery removal of tissue after it has been destroyed by chemical means
chemical peel a technique for restoring wrinkled, scarred, or blemished skin by applying an acid solution to “peel” away the top layers of the skin
cryosurgery destruction of tissue by freezing with application of an extremely cold chemical (e.g., liquid nitrogen)
dermabrasion surgical removal of epidermis frozen by aerosol spray using wire brushes and emery papers to remove scars, tattoos, and/or wrinkles
debridement removal of dead tissue from a wound or burn site to promote healing and to prevent infection
curettage cleaning; scraping a wound using a spoon-like cutting instrument called a curette; used for debridement
electrosurgical procedures use of electric current to destroy tissue; the type and strength of the current and method of application vary
electrocautery (Fig. 3-18) use of an instrument heated by electric current (cautery) to coagulate bleeding areas by burning the tissue (e.g., to sear a blood vessel)
electrodesiccation use of high-frequency electric currents to destroy tissue by drying it; the active electrode makes direct contact with the skin lesion (desiccate = to dry up)
fulguration to lighten; use of long, high-frequency, electric sparks to destroy tissue; the active electrode does not touch the skin
incision and drainage (I&D) incision and drainage of an infected skin lesion (e.g., an abscess)
laser an acronym for light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation; an instrument that concentrates high frequencies of light into a small, extremely intense beam that is precise in depth and diameter; applied to body tissues to destroy lesions or for
laser surgery surgery using a laser in various dermatologic procedures to remove lesions, scars, tattoos, etc.
Mohs surgery a technique used to excise tumors of the skin by removing fresh tissue, layer by layer, until a tumor-free plane is reached
skin grafting transfer of skin from one body site to another to replace skin that has been lost through a burn or injury
autograft graft transfer to a new position in the body of the same person (auto = self)
heterograft or xenograft graft transfer between different species, such as from animal to human (hetero = different; xeno = strange)
homograft or allograft donor transfer between persons of the same species, such as human to human (homo = same)
Created by: MT student1