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Final Exam Chapter 22,23, 24, 25, 26, 27

etiology study of cause of disease
diagnosis science & skill of distinguishing one disorder or disease from another
sign change in body that can be measured or observed as result of disease; ex. lesions, fever, swelling & paralysis
symptom change in body function that is felt by patient as result of disease; ex. pain & malaise
prognosis outcome from disease Lastly, there is treatment for disease
acute infection symptoms develop rapidly but last for only short time; ex. influenza
chronic infection disease develops slowly & disease continues or reoccurs for long periods; ex. Hepatitis B
local infection pathogens are limited to a small area of body; ex. boils & abscesses
systemic infection infection throughout body; ex. measles
primary infection acute infection that causes initial illness
secondary infection opportunistic infection after a primary (predisposing) infection; ex. Pneumocyctis pneumonia in AIDS patients
pneumonia severe complication of bronchitis involving alveoli
pleurisy infection of pleura
Know what 5 things are used during the diagnosis of illness Clinician uses diagnosis, prognosis & treatment plan to figure out what is wrong with the person, what’s likely to happen next & what can be done to help
Know the 4 different stages in the progression of an illness -Incubation: time between infection & appearance of signs or symptoms -Prodromal: time following incubation when mild -symptoms appear -Active: when symptoms reach their peak Convalescent: when symptoms decline
gastroenteritis causative agent Enterohemorrhagic E. coli
dysentery causative agent
gastritis causative agent E. coli bacteria
colitis causative agent
enterocolitis causative agent
hepatitis D causative agent Hepatitis Delta virus
streptococcal pharyngitis causative agent Streptococcus pyogenes
diphtheria causative agent Corynebacterium diphtheriae
common cold causative agent Rhino/ viruses, Corona/ viruses
pneumococcal pneumonia causative agent Streptococcus pneumoniae
Haemophilus influenzae pneumonia causative agent Haemophilus influenzae
legionellosis causative agent Legionella pneumophila
pertussis causative agent Bordetella pertussis
tuberculosis causative agent Mycobacterium tuberculosis
influenza causative agent influenza virus
histoplasmosis causative agent Histoplasma capsulatum
Pneumocystis pneumonia Pneumocystis jirovecii
gastritis infection of the stomach
Enterocolitis inflammation of the colon & small intestine
Colitis inflammation of the colon
Dysentery blood or mucus in diarrhea
Hepatitis liver inflammation
Created by: 1815104090