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Top 25 APA

Planning Stories

SubjectKey Points
Three Mile Island - #1, March 1979 - 1st and only nuclear meltdown in US history - Leads to insurmountable negative pubic opinion about energy; encouraged dependence on fossil fuels
Sagebrush Solution #2, 1980 Ronald Reagan's campaign: "Ensure that states have an equitable share of public lands and their natural resources" Movement grows over 20 years, addresses state and individual property rights
World Heritage Cities #3, 1982 UNESCO designees include Brasilia, Kyoto, Bath, Ankgor, and Quebec City Draws attention to importance of history and culture in great cities
S&L Failure/Banking Crisis #4, 1984-1991 Due to high interest rates, lender fraud, etc. – worst bank crisis since Great Depression 2,700 banks fail, including 25% of all S&L Total losses ~ $240 billion
1st Nat'l Forum on Biodiversity #5, September 1986 Nat'l Academy of Sciences & Smithsonian Focus: accelerating loss of plant and animals due to increasing humans and economic development, Underscores Ian McHarg
Iron Curtain Falls #6, 1989 End of USSR Opens Eastern Europe to decentralized community planning
Loma Prieta #7, October 1989 Causes billions in damage to homes, enterprise, and infrastructure Total economic loss ~ $5.9 billion Includes 12,000 housing units destroyed or damaged, 7K of which were rental
Australia's Land Care Movement #8, February 1989 Australian Conservation Foundation and National Farmers' Foundation to prevent crippling of Australian agriculture Call to spend $340 million over 10 years to address land degradation
Rio Accord #9, 1992 UN Adopts "Agenda 21" – forward looking global approach to planning No attention in US
Hurricane Andrew #10, August 1992 Most destructive and expensive hurricane (until Katrina) -- Estimated value of loss: $26.5 billion Emphasizes importance of pre- and post-disaster mitigation planning
National Commission on Severely Distressed Public Housing #11, 1992 86,000 severely distressed units in U.S. Recommends federal policies move towards decentralization of public housing
Mississippi & Missouri Rivers Overflow #12, 1993 Losses > $12 billion – communities relocated/mitigated Underscores need for post-disaster recovery and reconstruction
North American Free Trade Act #13, 1994 (NAFTA) Critical role in planning economic and development decisions regarding manufacturing plants and related activities Lots of protests
National Spatial Data Infrastructure #14, 1994 (NSDI) Development of base data for GIS – by executive order Subsequent to TIGER in 1988
Charter of New Urbanism #15, 1996 Support for "traditional neighborhood development"
Kyoto Accord #16, 1997 Kyoto, Japan – accord to reduce greenhouse gases Opposed by US, refuses to participate
Three Gorges Reservoir #17, 1997 Power dams on Yangtze (China) Covers more than 199 towns and 395 sq.mi. Requires resettlement of 1.2 million Chinese 26 hydropower turbines
New Wave of Immigration #18, 2000 US Census: foreign-born persons @ 11.1% Immigrants move to suburbs rather than cities
Aging Baby Boomers #19, 2000 Median age = 35.3, oldest ever 5:1 ratio of working to non-working will drop to 2:1 b y 2050 Major implications for communities – "aging in place"
Record-Setting Wildfires #20, 2000 Result of population growth in west and residential development in fire-prone areas "wildland-urban interface"
US Mass Transit #21, 2000-2001 9.4 billion trips, highest peak in ridership in 40 years
Sprawl #22, 2001 1982-1997: Kentucky and W. Virginia had greatest change in amount of developed land on per capita basis Even states with modest population growth face sprawl related problems
Imagine New York #23, 2002 (project of Municipal Art Society) 4,000 from metro NY, US, and worldwide participate in effort to obtain input about rebuilding WTC Facilitated workshops, special website, ongoing opportunities for public involvement
Suburban Health #24, August 2003 CDC Report: people in areas with most sprawl are more likely to be overweight and have high blood pressure 200,000 individuals in 448 metro area counties
Big Dig #25, 2003 Boston's Central Artery/Tunnel Project opens Most complex and expensive highway project in US ($14.6 billion) Downtown Boston can reconnect with waterfront neighborhoods and historic North End
Created by: honeysp