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Terminology

TermDefinition
Anatomy Study of the form/structure of body parts and of how these parts relate to one another.
Physiology Concerns the functioning of the body's structural machinery, that is, how the parts of the body work and carry out their life-sustaining activities.
Movement self-initiated change in position, motion of internal parts.
Responsiveness ability to sense changes within, or around the organism & react to them (highly developed in nerve/muscle cells).
Conductivity the capacity of living cells & tissues to selectively transmit or propagate a wave of excitation from one point to another within the body (highly developed in nerve/muscle cells).
Growth increase in body size.
Reproduction parents produce offspring/new individuals.
Respiration obtaining oxygen (O2), using it to release energy from food substances & ridding of wastes.
Digestion Chemically changing (breaking down) food substances & ridding of wastes.
Absorption passage of digested products through membranes & into body fluids.
Secretion production & delivery of specialized substances for diverse body functions (digestive juices and hormones).
Circulation movement of substances throughout the body.
Assimilation changing absorbed substances into chemically different substances.
Excretion removal of wastes.
Metabolism all physical & chemical reactions occurring in an organism.
Bodily needs: water, food, oxygen, heat, pressure
Homeostasis tendency of the body to maintain a stable, balanced internal environment. Includes 3 components; receptor, control center, effector.
Tissue a group of cells that work together to carry out certain common functions.
Organ a group of tissues working together to carry out certain common functions.
Anatomical position body is in an erect position with arms at the sides & palms turned forward; reference position that gives meaning to the directional terms used to describe body parts/regions.
Bilateral Symmetry one of the most obvious of the external organizational features in human; right/left sides of body are mirror images and only one place can divide the body into those sides.
Ipsilateral on the same side.
Contralateral on the opposite side.
Created by: cookiemascot07