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Ecology Vocabulary

QuestionAnswer
Ecology Ecology is the study of the interactions of organisms with one another and with their environment.
Biotic All of the organisms that live together and interact with one another make up the biotic part of the environment.
Abiotic The abiotic part of the environment consist of the nonliving factors, such as water, soil, sunlight, and temperature
5 levels of environment organization Organism, population, community, ecoysystem, and biosphere
Organism Anything that can perform life processes by itself is a organism
Population Each animal is a part of a population, or group of individuals of the same species that live together
Community A community consists of all of the populations of species that live and interact in an area
Ecosystem All the living and nonliving things that interact in a particular area make up an ecosystem
Biosphere The biosphere is the part of earth were life exists
Producer/autotroph Organisms that use sunlight directly to make food are called produces
Consumer/heterotroph Organisms that eat other organisms are called consumers
Herbivore A consumer that eats only plants is called a herbivore
Carnivore A carnivore is a consumer that eats animals
Omnivore Consumers known as omnivore eat both plants and animals
Scavenger Scavengers are omnivores that eat dead plants and animals
Decomposer Organisms that get energy by breaking down dead organisms are called decomposers
Food web A food web is a diagram that shows the feeling relationships between organisms in a ecosystem
Food chain A food chain is a diagram that shows how energy in food flows from one organism to another
Energy pyramid An energy pyramid is a diagram that shows on ecosystems loss of energy
Limiting factor A resource that is so scarce that is limits the size of a population is called a limiting factor
Carrying capacity The largest population that an environment can support is known as the carrying capacity
Predator The organism that eats the prey is called the predator
Prey The organism that is eaten is called the prey
Predator adaptations Methods and abilities to catch prey
Prey adaptations Methods and abilities to keep from being eaten
Symbiosis Symbiosis is a close, long-term association between two or more species
Mutualism A symbiotic relationship in which both organisms benefit is called mutualism
Commensalism A symbiotic relationship in which one organism benefits and the other is unaffected is called commensalism
Parasitism A symbiotic association in which one organism benefits while the other is harmed is called parasitism
Created by: bffs600
 

 



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