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unit 1 u.s. history

TermDefinition
assimilation the absorption of people into the dominant culture
civil service nonmilitary government employees
Dawes Act an 1887 federal law distributing land to individual indians rather than to tribes, thereby encouraging indians to become assimilated
Exodusters african americans who migrated from the south to the great plains following the civil war
gold standard a monetary policy requiring that every paper dollar in circulation be backed by a dollar’s worth of gold in the U.S. treasury
Homestead Act in 1862 federal law that granted tracts of land called homesteads to western settlers who agreed to work the land and live on it for five years
industrialization the transformation from producing goods by hand to producing goods by machine
labor union a group of workers organized to protect the interests of its members
philanthropist a person who gives money to support worthy causes
political machine an organization consisting of full-time politicians whose main goal was to retain power and the money and influence that went with it
populism a political philosophy that favors the common person’s interest over those of wealthy people or business interests
Populist Party a political party founded in 1892 calling for policies to help working people, such as government ownership of railroads and coinage of silver
reservation an area of federal land reserved for indian tribes
Social Gospel a religious movement of the late 1800s based on the idea that social reform and christianity go hand in hand
transcontinental railroad a railroad that spans the continent
urbanization the growth of cities
Created by: rickeyhart1
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