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Musculoskeletal Review

What are the five regions of the vertebral column? 7 cervical 12 thoracic 5 lumbar 5 fused sacrum 4 fused coccyx
What are the four different types of bones? long bones short bones flat bones irregular bones
What are the functions of bones? -provide framework of the body -protect internal organs -store calcium/other minerals -produce blood cells (hematopoiesis) -provide points of attachment
What are the functions of muscle? -contribute to posture -provide heat -protect internal organs -primarily movement
What are the three different types of muscle? smooth/voluntary/striated muscles cardiac muscles skeletal/voluntary/striated muscles
What are the three different types of ribs? 7 true ribs 3 false ribs 2 floating ribs
What are the three divisions of the pelvis? ilium ischium pubis
What does the appendicular skeleton consist of? -bone of the upper and lower limbs -shoulder/pectoral girdle -pelvic/hip girdle
What are the three regions of the axial skeleton? skull vertebral column rib cage
What does the pectoral girdle consist of? clavicle scapula
What is a fontanel? -unossified membrane lying between the cranial bones of an infant
What is an orthopedist? physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal disorders
What is muscular dystrophy? -genetic disease -gradual atrophy and weakening of muscle tissue
What is myasthenia gravis? -neurological disorder -muscle weakness, leads to loss of function
What is rheumatoid arthritis? -systemic disease -results in crippling deformities
A dense fibrous membrane that covers the surface of bone periosteum
A strap composed of connective tissue that joins muscle to bone tendon
Abnormal inward curvature of the spine lordosis
Abnormal lateral curvature of the spine scoliosis
An exaggerated outward curvature of the thoracic vertebrae kyphosis
Any body part attached to a main structure appendage
Any deformity of the foot; also called club foot talipes equinovarus
Band of connective tissue that connects bone to bone ligament
Bone pores or cavities resulting from a decrease in bone density osteoporosis
Breast bone sternum
Decrease the angle of a joint flexion
Dry grating sound caused by bones rubbing together crepitation
Elevates the foot dorsiflexion
Excision of the posterior arch of a vertebra laminectomy
Foot treatment podiatry
Freely moveable joints diarthrosis
Immoveable joints synarthrosis
Increase in severity of a disease exacerbation
Increases the angle of a joint extension
lameness, limping claudication
Ligaments that form an X cruciate ligaments
Loss of muscular tone hypotonia
Lowers the foot plantar flexion
Measures bone density mineral bone density test
Moves away from the midline abduction
Moves closer to the midline adduction
Moves the sole of the foot inward inversion
Moves the sole of the foot outward eversion
Muscular trauma caused by a violent contraction or an excessive forcible stretch strain
Partial or incomplete dislocation subluxation
Procedure that restores bone to its normal position reduction
Production and development of blood cells hematopoiesis
Puncture of a joint space arthrocentesis
Radiography of the spinal cord myelography
Reduction procedure which treats fractures using surgery open reduction
Reduction surgery which uses manipulation closed reduction
Refers to all contractile tissue of the body muscular tissue
Slightly moveable joints amphiarthrosis
Stiff neck caused by spasmodic contraction of the neck muscle torticollis
Stiffening and immobility of a joint ankylosis
Tearing of ligament tissue sprain
The lateral flaring portion of the hip bone ilium
The lower part of the hip bone ischium
The muscle that produces the movement agonist
The muscle that relaxes in order to allow a movement antagonist
The place at which two bones meet articulation (joint)
The third portion of the hip bone pubis
Treat and prevent hypocalcemia calcium supplements
Turns the palms down pronation
Turns the palms up supination
ACL anterior cruciate ligament
CDH congenital dislocation of the hip
CT computed tomography
DJD degenerative joint disease
EMG electromyography
Fx fracture
IM intramuscular
IV intravenous
MS musculoskeletal; multiple sclerosis
NSAIDs nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
THA total hip arthroplasty
THR total hip replacement
Created by: DawnLangridge