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Musculoskeletal Reverse Definitions

A bone tumor osteoma
A bundle of muscle fibers fascicle
A cell in the bone marrow that produces bone osteoblast
A cell in the bone marrow that reabsorbs bone osteoclast
A dense fibrous membrane that covers the surface of the bone and contains blood and lymph vessels, and nerves periosteum
A genetic disorder that results in malformation of the spine due to imperfect joining of the vertebrae spina bifida
A muscle of the chest arising from the sternum and inner part of the clavicle strenocliedomastoid
A series of twelve pair of curved bones attached to the vertebral column which provides protection for internal organs ribs
A strap composed of connective tissue that joins muscle to bone tendon
A type of bone process that has a large ridge shape crest
Abnormal inward curvature of the spine lordosis
Abnormal lateral curvature of the spine scoliosis
All other bones that cannot be grouped under other heading irregular bones
An exaggerated outward curvature of the thoracic vertebrae kyphosis
Any body part attached to a main structure appendage
Any slipping (subluxation) of a vertebra from its normal position in relationship to the one beneath it spondylolisthesis
Band of connective tissue that connects bone to bone ligament
Basin-shaped structure that supports the sigmoid colon, rectum, bladder, and other soft organs of the abdominopelvic cavity pelvis
Bone immobilization by application of an orthopedic device to the injured body part splinting
Bone immobilization by application of a solid stiff dressing formed with plaster of Paris or similar material casting
Bone immobilization by application of weights and pulleys to align or immobilize a fracture traction
Bone pores or cavities resulting from a decrease in bone density osteoporosis
Bones that are as wide as they are long short bone
Breast bone/ chest plate sternum
Cavity or hollow space in a bone sinus
Condition of fingers and toes being joined together syndactylism
Congenital deformity of one or both feet in which the foot is pulled downward and laterally to the side; also called clubfoot talipes equinovarus
Consists of bones of the shoulders, hips, upper and lower extremities appendicular skeleton
Consists of bones, joints, and muscles, which provide the body with support, protection, and the ability to move musculoskeletal system
Consists of the bones of the skull, thorax, and vertebral column axial skeleton
Decrease pain and supress inflammation (NSAIDs) nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
Decreases the angle of a joint flexion
Deformity characterized by lateral deviation of the great toe as it turns in toward the second toe, which may cause the tissue surrounding the joint to become swollen and tender bunion (halture valgus)
Degeneration of the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar vertebrae and relating tissues spondylosis
Dry, grating sound or sensation caused by bone ends rubbing together, indicating a fracture or joint destruction crepitation
Effusion of blood into a joint cavity hemarthrosis
Elevates the foot dorsiflexion
Excision of a sequestrum sequestrectomy
Excision of a synovial membrane synovectomy
Excision of bursa bursectomy
Excision of the bones of the hand metacarpectomy
Excision of the posterior arch of a vertebra laminectomy
Fibrosis of connective tissue in the skin, fascia, muscle, or joint capsule that prevents normal mobility of the related tissue or joint contracture
Fluid-filled tumor that most commonly develops along the tendons or joints of the wrists of hands, but may also appear in the feet ganglion cyst
Foot treatment podiatry
Form or osteomalacia in children caused by vitamin D deficiency; also called rachitis rickets
Found in extremities of the body long bones
Found within larger bones; responsible for the production of blood cells bone marrow
Fragment of the necrosis bone that has become separated from surrounding tissue sequestrum
Freely moveable joints diarthrosis
Fusion/stabilization or binding of a joint arthrodesis
Hard, outer layer of bone compact bone
Hernia of the spinal cord myelocele
Immoveable joints synarthrosis
Implantation or transplantation of bone tissue from another part of the body or from another person to serve as replacement for damaged or missing bone tissue bone grafting
Increase in severity of a disease or any of its symptoms; also called flare exacerbation
Increases the angle of a joint extension
Inflammation of the joints arthritis
Lameness, limping claudication
Large, rounded process tuberosity
Lattice like arrangement of bony plates occurring at the ends of long bones cancellous
Ligaments that cross each other forming an X within the notch between the femoral condyles cruciate ligaments
Loss of muscular tone or diminished resistance to passive stretching hypotonia
Lowers the foot (points the toes) planter flexion
Malignant tumor of plasma cells in the bone marrow multiple myeloma
Measurement of the pelvis pelvimetry
Moves a bone around its own axis rotation
Moves away from the midline abduction
Moves closer to the midline adduction
Moves the sole of the foot inward inversion
Moves the sole of the foot outward eversion
Muscular trauma caused by violent contraction or an excessive forcible stretch strain
Narrow, slit-like opening fissure
Noninvasive procedure that uses low-energy x-ray absorption to measure bone mineral density and usually measures bones of the spine, hip, and forearm; also called dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (mineral) bone density test
Nuclear medicine procedure that visualizes various tissues and organs after administration of a radionuclide scintigraphy
Opening or passage into a bone meatus
Painful condition resulting from compression of the median nerve within the carpal tunnel (CTS) carpal tunnel syndrome
Paralysis of the lower spine, lower portion of the trunk and both legs paraplegia
Paralysis of the upper spine and all four extremities quadriplegia
Partial or incomplete dislocation subluxation
Partial or complete removal of an extremity due to trauma or circulatory disease amputation
Perceived sensation, following amputation of a limb, that the limb still exists phantom limb
Pertaining to the bones of the fingers and toes phalangeal
Pertaining to the femur and the tibia femorotibial
Pertaining to under the sternum substernal
Place of union between two or more bones; also called joint articulation
Principle organs of support and protection in the body bones
Procedure that restores a bone to its normal position reduction
Procedures used to restrict movement, stabilize and protect a fracture, and facilitate the healing process bone immobilization
Production and development of blood cells, normally in the bone marrow hematopoiesis
Prominent, rounded articulating end of a bone head
Provide a broad surface for muscular attachment and protection for internal organs flat bones
Puncture of a joint space using a needle to remove accumulated fluid arthrocentesis
Radiography of the five lumbar vertebrae and the fused sacral vertebrae, including anteroposterior, lateral and oblique views of the lower spine lumbrosacral spinal radiography
Radiography of the spinal cord after injection of a contrast medium to identify and study spinal distortions caused by tumors, cysts, herniated intervertebral disks, or other lesions myelography
Radiological examination of the intervertebral disk structures with injection of a contrast medium discography
Reduction in which fractured bones place in their proper position during surgery open (reduction)
Reduction in which fractured bones are realigned by manipulation rather than surgery closed (reduction)
Refers to all of the contractile tissue of the body; two main tyes are voluntary and involuntary muscular tissue
Relieve mild to moderate pain and reduce inflammation salicylates
Relieve muscle spasms and stiffness skeletal muscle relaxants
Replacement of a missing body part by an artificial substitute, such as an artificial extremity prosthesis fitting
Revision surgery are often required to correct bone infection, misalignments of bones, broken prosthesis, and fractures of the bone around the prosthesis bone revision Sx (symptom)
Round structure with a gelatinous mass in the center that separates the vertebrae intravertabral disks
Rounded opening through a bone to accommodate blood vessels and nerves foramen
Rounded, articulating knob condyle
Rupture of a vertebral disk's center through its outer edge and back toward the spinal cord with pressure on the adjacent spinal nerve that results in pain, numbness, or weakness in one or both legs herniated disk
Scintigraphy procedure in which radionuclide is injected intravenously and taken up into the bone bone (scintigraphy)
Series of radiographs taken after injection of contrast material into a joint cavity, especially the knee or shoulder, to outline the contour of the joint arthrography
Slightly moveable joints amphiarthrosis
Small, rounded process tubercle
Stiff neck caused by spasmodic contraction of the neck muscle torticollis
Stiffening and immobility of a joint as a result of disease, trauma, surgery, or abnormal bone fusion anklyosis
Structures that contract providing movement of the bone muscles
Surgery repeated to correct problems of a previously unsuccessful surgery or to replace a worn out prosthesis revision surgery
Surgical breaking of an ankylosed joint to provide movement arthroclasia
Surgical fixation of a kneecap patellapexy
Surgical procedure to replace a hip joint damaged by a degenerative disease, commonly arthritis (THR) total hip replacement
Tearing of a ligament tissue that may be slight, moderate, or complete sprain
That which is done with control. Usually a striated muscle such as biceps voluntary
That which occurs with no discretionary control usually a visceral muscle involuntary
The breakage of a bone due to trauma or disease fracture
The end or extremity of a bone epiphysis
The first cervical vertebra that supports the skull atlas
The five sacral vertebrae which are fused into a single bone sacrum
The five vertebrae which are situated in the lower back which carry most of the weight of the torso lumbar vertebrae
The large muscle of the back latissimus dorsi
The large muscle of the buttocks gluteus maximus
The lateral flaring portion of the hip bone; upper of the three parts of the hip bone ilium
The lower part of the hip bone ischium
The muscle(s) that produces the movement agonist
The muscle(s) that relaxes in order to allow a movement antagonist
The second cervical vertebra which provides rotation of the skull axis
The seven vertebrae which form the skeletal framework of the neck cervical vertebrae
The shaft or long main portion of the bone diaphysis
The tail or vertebrae column consisting of four or five fused vertebrae (tailbone) coccyx
The third portion of the hip bone that is situated in front of the bladder pubis
The twelve vertebrae which support the chest and serve as a point of articulation for the ribs thoracic vertebrae
The twenty-six bones which make up the adult vertebral column vertebrae
To break a bone for therapeutic purposes osteoclasis
Treat and prevent hypocalcemia calcium supplements
Treat rheumatoid arthritis by inhibiting activity within the immune system gold salts
Turns the palm down pronation
Turns the palm up supination
Use of electrical stimulation to diagnose the health of muscles and the nerve cells that control them EMG
Very large, irregularly shaped process found only in the femur trochanter
Visual examination of the interior of a joint and its structures using a thin flexible fiberoptic scope called an arthroscope that contains a magnifying lens, fiberoptic light, and miniature camera that projects images on a monitor arthroscopy
Created by: DawnLangridge
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