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Organ Systems

2113L McKinney

TermDefinition
Integumentary Organs Skin, Hair, Sweat glands, Nails
Integumentary Functions Protects against environmental hazards, helps regulate body temperature; provides sensory information
Skeletal Organs Bones, Cartilages, Ligaments, Bone Marrow
Skeletal Functions provides support and protection for other tissues; stores calcium and other minerals; forms blood cells
Muscular Organs Skeletal muscles, tendons
Muscular Functions provides movement, protection and support for other tissues, generates heat that maintains body temperature
Nervous Organs Brain, Spinal Cord, Peripheral nerves, Sense organs
Nervous Functions Directs immediate responses to stimuli; coordinates / moderates activities of other organ systems, provides & interprets sensory information about external conditions
Endocrine Organs Pituitary gland; thyroid gland, pancreas, adrenal glands; gonads;
Endocrine Functions Directs long-term changes in the activities of other organ systems; adjusts metabolic activity and energy use by the body; controls many structures and functional changes during development
Cardiovascular Organs Heart, blood vessels
Cardiovascular Functions Distributes blood cells, water and dissolved materials such as nutrients, waste, products, oxygen and carbon dioxide; distributes heat; assists in temperature control
Lymphatic Organs Spleen, Thymus, Lymphatic Vessels; Lymph nodes, Tonsils
Lymphatic Functions Defends against infection and disease; Returns tissue fluids to the bloodstream
Respiratory Organs Nasal cavities; sinuses; larynx; trachea; bronchi; lungs; alveoli
Respiratory Functions delivers air to alveoli for gas exchange; provides oxygen to bloodstream; removes carbon dioxide from bloodstream; produces sounds for communication
Digestive Organs Teeth; tongue; pharynx; esophagus; stomach; small intestine; large intestine; liver; gallbladder; pancreas
Urinary Organs kidneys; ureters; urinary bladder; urethra
Urinary Function excretes waste products from the blood; controls water balance, blood pressure, volume of urine produced; stores urine prior to voluntary elimination; regulates blood ion PH
Reproductive Organs Male: testes; epididymides; ductus deferentia; seminal vesicles; prostate gland; penis; scrotum; Female: ovaries; uterine tubes; uterus; vagina; labia; clitoris; mammary glands
Reproductive Functions Male: Produces male sex cells / sperm; suspending fluids & hormones; Female: produces female sex cells / oocytes & hormones; supports developing embryo from conception to delivery; provides milk to nourish infant; Both: sexual intercourse
Created by: pchambe6