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Migration Vocab

QuestionAnswer
remittances money migrants send back to family and friends in their home countries, often in cash, forming an important part of the economy in many poorer countries
cyclic movements movement that has a closed route and is repeated annually or seasonally
activity spaces also called action space; the space within which daily activity occurs
periodic movements movement that involves temporary, recurrent relocation
nomadism movement among a definite set of places; often cyclic movement
migrant labor a common type of periodic movement that involving millions of workers in the U.S. and tens of millions of workers worldwide who cross international borders in search of employment and become immigrants, in many instances
transhumance a seasonal periodic movement of pastoralists and their livestock between highland and lowland pastures
migration a change in residence intended to be permanent
laws of migration developed by British demographer Ernst Ravenstein, five laws that predict the flow of migrants 1. every migration flow generates a return or counter-migration 2. the majority of migrants move a short distance 3. migrants who move longer distaces tend to c
gravity model a mathematical prediction of the interaction of places, the interaction being a function of population size of the respective places and the distance between them.
distance decay the effects of distance on interaction, generally the greater the distance the less interaction
step migration migration to a distant destination that occurs in stages, for example, from farm to nearby village and later to town and city
intervening opportunity the presence of a nearer opportunity that greatly diminishes the attractiveness of sites farther away
kinship links types of push factors or pull factors that influence a migrant's decision to go where family or friends have already found success
chain migration pattern of migration that develops when migrants move along and through kinship links
immigration wave phenomenon whereby different patterns of chain migration build upon one another to create a swell in migration from one origin to the same destination
explorers a person examining a region that is unknown to them
colonization physical process whereby the colonizer takes over another place, putting its own government in charge and either moving its own people into the place or bringing indentured outsiders to gain control of the people and the land
islands of development place built up by a government or corporation to attract foreign investment and which has relatively high concentrations of paying jobs and infrastructure
guest workers legal immigrant who has a work visa, usually short term
refugees people who have fled their country because of political persecution and seek asylum in another country
asylum shelter and protection in one state for refugees from another state
Immigration laws laws and regulations of a state designed specifically to control immigration into that state
quotas established limits by governments on the number of immigrants who can enter a country each year
selective immigration process to control immigration in which individuals with certain backgrounds are barred form immigrating
Created by: s4stevos