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Vital signs - Word list

TermDefinition
arterial pertaining to one or more arteries
asthma a disease that affects the air passages in the lung, causing wheezing and shortness of breath
cardiopulomonary pertaining to the heart and lungs
cardiovascular pertaining to the heart and lungs
cerebral vascular accident Damage to the brain that occurs when the blood supply to an area of the brain is diminished or occluded completely.
congestive heart failure A condition in which a weakened heart is unable to pump all of the blood out of the lungs each time it beats. Blood pools at the bottom of the lungs, inerfering with breathing.
crackles abnormal respiratory sound heard on auscultation; also called rale (aka crepitation). Sounds produced by air passing over airway secretions
crepitation sounds produced by air passing over airway secretions
diastolic pressure the pressure of the vascular walls wen the heart is relaxing
emphysema a disease characterized by gradual destruction of the alveoli, which fuse to form larger air spaces. Exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide through these larger air sacs is inadequate
height the vertical distance from the bottom to the top of an organ or structure
hypoxia insufficient oxygen in blood or tissue
oximeter it is a sensor attached to the client's finger or earlobe and determines oxygen levels in red blood cells in arterial blood
peripheral vascular assessment any condition that causes partial or complete obstruction of the flow of blood to or from the arteries or veins outside chest
pneumonia an acute infection of the tissues of the lung
postural drainage positioning the client with the head lower than the body so that gravity can help drain the mucus and secretions
rales abnormal respiratory sound heard on auscultation; also called crackle
rhonchus abnormal breath sound heard on auscultation
suctioning drawing of fluids or solids from a surface
systolic pressure the pressure on the vascular walls when the heart is contracting
telemetry the transmission of data electronically to a distant location
temperature the degree of hotness or coldness of a substance/person
tracheostomy an artificial airway through an incision in the trachea
vibrations rapid movements of flattened hands over the client's chest to move secretions
Created by: deyoht_kwa
 

 



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