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Vital Signs - reverse defs

QuestionAnswer
crash cart A cart carrying the supplies needed for immediate treatment of a heart attack.
congestive heart failure (CHF) a condition in which a weakened heart is unable to pump all the blood out of the lungs each time it beats. Blood poools at the bottom of the lungs, interfering with breathing.
emphysema a disease characterized by gradual destruction of the alveoli, which fuse to form large air spaces. Exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide through these larger air sacs is inadequate.
asthma A disease that affects the air passages in the lung, causing wheezing and shortness of breath.
atrial fibrillation An abnormality of heart rhythm in which chambers of the heart no longer beat in synchrony, with the atrium beating much faster than the ventricles. The heart rate is faster and irregular.
pneumonia An acute infection of the tissues of the lung.
tracheostomy An artificial airway through an incision in the trachea.
COPD/COLD Any chronic lung condition in which the flow of expired air is slowed down.
atherosclerosis Arteriosclerosis because of deposits of fat in arterial walls.
cerebral vascular accident (CVA) Damage to the brain that occurs when the blood supply to an area of the brain is diminished or occulded completely.
myocardial infarction (MI) Damange to the heart caused by a blocage in one of the coronary arteries, cutting off blood supply to a part of the the heart.
hypertension (HTN) Excessive force of the blood against the vessel walls as the heart pmps it through the body.
bradycardia Extremely slow heartbeat.
arteriosclerosis Hardening of the arteries; reduces blood flow.
hypoxia Insuffiecient oxygen in the blood or tissue.
deep suction Introducing the suction catheter into the lower trachea and bronchi.
hemorrhage Loss of large amount of blood.
arrhythmia Loss of normal rhythm of the heartbeat.
rhonchi or wheezes Musical-pitched sounds produced by air passing through narrowed bronchi, heard on auscultation of the lungs.
postural drainage Positioning the client with the head lower than the body so that gravity can help drain the mucus and secretions.
vibrations Rapid movements of flattened hands over the clients chest to move secretions.
crepitation/crackle Sounds produced by air passing over airway secretions.
endotracheal suctioning Suctioning through an artificial airway known as a tracheostomy.
oropharyngeal suctioning Suctioning with a catheter through the mouth to reach the mouth only or the mouth and the back of the throat.
nasopharyngeal suctioning Suctioning with a catheter through the nose to reach the the mouth and throat.
diastolic pressure The pressure of the vascular walls when the heart is relaxing.
systolic pressure The pressure on the vascular walls when the heart is contracting.
clapping/percussion Using cupped hands to gently but firmly strike affected regions of the chest to move secretions.
Created by: deyoht_kwa
 

 



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