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Yellow Module

Respiratory Reverse Definitions-1

A hereditary disease of the endocrine glands affecting the respiratory system cystic fibrosis
A large muscle located between the chest and the abdominal wall diaphragm
Abnormal breath sound heard on auscultation of an obstructed airway rhonchus
Abnormal respiratory sound heard on auscultation, caused by exudates, spasms, hyperplasia, or when air enters moisture-filled alveoli; also called rale crackle
Absence of oxygen in the tissues anoxia
Absence of the sense of smell anosmia
Accumulation of extravascular fluid in lung tissues and alveoli, most commonly caused by heart failure pulmonary edema
Act on the immune system by blocking production of substances that trigger allergic and inflammatory actions corticosteroids
Acute infectious disease characterized by a cough that has a "whoop" sound; also called whooping cough pertussis
Acute inflammation of the membranes of the nose; also called head cold or upper respiratory infection coryza
An abnormal viscous fluid formed in the lower respiratory tract t hat often contains blood, pus, and bacteria sputum
An infectious disease caused by inhaling viable tubercle bacilli tuberculosis
An inflammatory disease of the lungs caused by bacteria, viruses, disease, chemicals, etc pneumonia
An instrument used in auscultation stethoscope
An instrument used to cut the tonsils tonsillotome
Block histamines from binding with histamine receptor sites in tissues antihistamines
Blockage in an artery of the lungs caused by a mass of undissolved matter pulmonary embolism
Blood in the chest cavity hemothorax
Body substances that dilate blood vessels, causing swelling and inflammation in nasal passages histamines
Chronic dilation of a bronchus or bronchi bronchiectasis
Collapsed or airless state of the lung, which may be acute or chronic and affect all or part of the lung atelectasis
Collection of air in the pleural cavity pneumothorax
Collection of lymphatic tissue within the nasopharynx adenoids
Collection of lymphatic tissue in the oropharynx palatine tonsils
Common childhood condition involving inflammation of the larynx, bronchial passages and, sometimes, lungs croup
Completely unexpected and unexplained death of an apparently normal, healthy infant, usually less than 12 months of age; also called crib death SIDS (Sudden Infant Death Syndrome)
Condition caused by insufficient intake of oxygen asphyxia
Condition of an increased amount of carbon dioxide in the blood hypercapnia
Condition of spitting blood hemoptysis
Consists of organs that are responsible for the breathing process. It exchanges oxygen and carbon dioxide at a cellular level respiratory system
Constrict blood vessels of nasal passages and limit blood flow, which causes swollen tissues to shrink so that air can pass more freely through the passages decongestants
Destroy or inhibit the growth of bacteria by disrupting their membranes or one or more of their metabolic processes antibiotics
Difficulty in speaking, hoarseness dysphonia
Difficulty breathing dyspnea
Disease caused by inhaling dust particles, including coal dust, stone dust, iron dust, and asbestos particles pneumoconiosis
Displacement of cartilage dividing the nostrils that causes reduced airflow and, sometimes, nosebleed deviated nasal septum
Enlargement of the terminal phalanges of the fingers and toes, commonly associated with pulmonary disease finger clubbing
Excess of fluid in the pleural cavity pleural effusion
Excessive acidity of body fluids acidosis
Excision of a lung or a portion of the lung, commonly for treatment of cancer pneumectomy
Excision of part of the pleura, usually parietal pleura pleurectomy
Good breathing eupnea
Hairlike structure cilia
High-pitched, harsh, adventitious breath sound caused by a spasm or swelling of the larynx or an obstruction in the upper airway stridor
Increased breathing, deeper than normal hyperpnea
Inflammation of a sinus sinusitis
Inflammation of the pleural membrane characterized by a stabbing pain that is intensified by coughing or deep breathing; also called pleuritis pleurisy
Instrument used to view the throat pharyngoscope
Intradermal test to determine tuberculin sensitivity based on a positive reaction where the area around the test site becomes red and swollen Mantoux test
Liquefy respiratory secretions so that they are more easily dislodged during coughing episodes expectorants
Lung treatment using various techniques to deliver medications in mist form directly to the lungs or air passageways aerosol therapy
Measurement of the amount of salt in sweat sweat test
Method of positioning a patient so that the gravity aids in the drainage of secretions from the bronchi and lobes of the lungs postural drainage
Microbial test used to identify disease-causing organisms of the lower respiratory tract, especially those that cause pneumonias sputum culture
Minimally invasive imaging that combines computed tomography scanning and angiography to produce images of the pulmonary arteries CTPA (Computed Tomography Pulmonary Angiography)
Moist tissue layer lining hollow organs and cavities of the body that open to the environment; also called mucosa mucous membrane
Narrowing or constriction stenosis
Nasal hemorrhage; also called nosebleed epistaxis
Noninvasive method of monitoring the percentage of hemoglobin saturated with oxygen; also called pulse oximetry oximetry
nostrils nares
Nuclear scan that evaluates both airflow in the lungs for evidence of a blood clot in the lungs; also called a V-Q lung scan ventilation perfusion
Oxygen deficiency in arterial blood; usually a sign of respiratory impairment hypoxemia
Oxygen deficiency in body tissues; usually a sign of respiratory impairment hypoxia
Pertaining to a lobe lobular
Pertaining to the chest area thoracic
Pertaining to the lungs pulmonary
PFT that measures the breathing capacity of the lungs, including the time necessary for exhaling the total volume of inhaled air spirometry
Procedure in which a plastic tube is inserted into the trachea to maintain an open airway endotracheal intubation
Rapid breathing tachypnea
Relieve or supress coughing by blocking the cough reflex in the medulla of the brain antitussives
Repeated breathing pattern characterized by fluctuation in the depth of respiration, first deeply, then shallow, then not at all Cheyne-Stokes respiration
Respiratory condition of discomfort breathing in any but an erect or standing position orthopnea
Serous membrane which envelops the lungs and folds over to line the walls of the thoracic cavity pleura
Severe, life-threatening infection of the epiglottis and supraglottic structures that occurs most commonly in children between 2 and 12 years of age epiglottitis
Smaller branches of the bronchi bronchioles
Stimulate bronchial muscles to relax, thereby expanding air passages, resulting in increased air flow bronchodilators
Surgical procedure in which an opening is made in the neck and into the trachea into which a breathing tube may be inserted tracheostomy
Surgical puncture and drainage of the pleural cavity; also called pleurocentesis or thoracocentesis thoracentesis
Surgical repair of a deviated nasal septum usually performed when the septum is encroaching on the breathing passages or nasal structures septoplasty
Symbol that indicates the degree of acidity or alkalinity of a substance pH
tasteless, colourless, odourless gas produced by body cells during the metabolism CO2
Tasteless, odourless, colourless gas essential for human respiration oxygen
Temporary loss of breathing apnea
Test of sleep cycles and stages using continuous recordings of brain waves, electrical activity of muscles, eye movement, respiratory rate, blood pressure, blood oxygen saturation, heart rhythm, and direct observation of the person during sleep polysomnography
Test that measures dissolved oxygen and carbon dioxide in arterial blood ABG (Arterial Blood Gases)
Test used to identify pathogens, especially group A streptococci throat culture
The innermost layer lying next to the lung visceral pleura
The outermost layer, lining the thoracic cavity parietal pleura
The portion of the pharynx above the soft palate and behind the nose nasopharynx
The process of gently tapping with the fingers to determine position, size or consistency of an underlying structure percussion
The process of listening to body sounds, especially in the chest, with the use of a stethoscope auscultation
The space between the right and left lung, which contains the heart, aorta, esophagus, and the bronchi mediastinum
The two branches of the trachea which lead to the right and left lungs bronchi
Thin layer of tissue that covers internal body cavities and secretes a fluid that keeps the membrane moist; also called serosa serous membrane
Tiny air sacs within the lungs; resembling small balloons alveoli
To move or spread out a substance at random, rather than by chemical reaction or application of external forces diffuse
Tough, elastic connective tissue that is more rigid than ligaments but less dense than bone cartilage
Variety test used to evaluate respiratory function, the ability of the lungs to take in and expel air as well as perform gas exchange across the alveolocapillary membrane PFTs (Pulmonary Function Tests)
Visual examination of the bronchi using an endoscope inserted through the mouth and trachea for direct viewing of structures or for projection on a monitor bronchoscopy
Visual examination of the larynx to detect tumors, foreign bodies, nerve or structural injury, or other abnormalities laryngoscopy
Visual examination of the mediastinal structures including the heart, trachea, esophagus, bronchus, thymus, and lymph nodes mediastinoscopy
Voice box. Responsible for sound production larynx
Wall dividing two cavities septum
Washing or irrigating of the paranasal sinuses to remove mucopurulant material in an immunosuppressed patient or one with known sinusitis that has failed medical management antral lavage
Whistle of sighing sound heard on auscultation that results from narrowing of the lumen of the respiratory passageway wheeze
Windpipe. Cartilaginous tube which extends from the larynx to the bronchial tubes trachea
Images of the chest taken from anteroposterior projection, posteroanterior projection lateral projection, or a combination of these projections thoracic (chest) x-ray
Process of producing images using an x-ray passed through the body or area captured on a film radiography
Reconstructive surgery of the nose to correct deformities or for cosmetic purposes rhinoplasty
State in which the regulatory mechanisms of the body maintain a constant internal environment homeostasis
Excess of acidity of body fluids acidosis
Sleeping disorder in which breathing stops repeatedly for more than 10 seconds, causing measurable blood deoxygenation sleep apnea
Created by: DawnLangridge
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