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|What bones make up the pectoral girdle?
|Clavicle and Scapula
|What is the 'S' shaped bone, where the superior side is smooth and the inferior side is marked w/ groves and ridges for muscle attachments?
|What is the rounded, hammer-like head on the clavicle called?
|What is the flattened end of the clavicle called?
|What is the rough tuberosity near the end of the clavicle called?
|Conoid tubercle (for ligament attachment)
|What is the triangular plate of the pectoral girdle that has 3 borders/sides/angles?
|What are the 3 borders of the scapula called?
|Superior border(top), Medial border(towards the mid-line), and the Lateral border(away from mid-line).
|What are the 3 angles of the scapula called?
|Superior angle(top), Lateral angle(away from mid-line), and Inferior angle(bottom).
|What is located on the superior border of the scapula and provides passage for a nerve?
|What is the broad anterior surface of the scapula called?
|What is the shelf on the posterior side of the scapula called?
|What is the depression above the scapular spine called? And what is the depression below the spine called?
|Supraspinous fossa(above) and Infraspinous fossa
|On the lateral angle of the scapula- what is the plate-like extension that is the only point of attachment of the arm and scapula to the axial skeleton called?
|What is the finger-like extension on the scapula that is the proximal attachment for the biceps and other muscles called?
|What is the shallow socket for the head of the humerus on the scapula called?
|Glenoid fossa (cavity)
|The brachium region holds what bone?
|Humerus (Upper-Arm:Humeral joint to elbow)
|The antebrachium region holds what bone(s)?
|Ulna and Radius (lower arm: elbow to wrist)
|The carpus region contains what bone(s)?
|Carpals-8 (wrist bones)
|The manus region consists of what bone(s)?
|The digits region consists of what bone(s)?
|Phalanges-14 (fingers & thumb) #1(thumb)= 2 phalanx #2-#5(little finger)= 3 phalanx each
|What is the smooth large ball on the medial proximal portion of the humerus called?
|Head of Humerus
|On the humerus, what is the groove around the head called?
|What is the knob on the lateral proximal end of the humerus called?
|What is the small knob on the anterior proximal end of the humerus called?
|What is the common fracture site of the humerus, located just below the tubercles called?
|What is the rough area on the humerus that is the site for attachment of the deltoid muscle called?
|On the distal lateral end of the humerus, what is the condyle that articulates with the radius and is covered with cartilage called?
|Capitulum(shaped like a flat tire)
|On the medial distal end of the humerus- what is the condyle that articulates with the ulna and is covered in cartilage called?
|What is proximal to the condyle and is the site of attachment for all the dorsal forearm muscles-wrist and finger extensors?
|What is proximal to the condyle and is the site of attachment for all the ventral forearm muscles-wrist and finger flexors?
|What is the medial anterior pit of the humerus, that accommodates the coronoid process of the ulna when the elbow is flexed called?
|What is the lateral anterior pit of the humerus called?
|What is the posterior pit of the humerus that accommodates the olecranon of the ulna when the elbow is flexed called?
|What is the smaller of the two lower arm bones; lateral(thumb) side and looks like a golf tee?
|What is the proximal end of the radius that rotates freely on the humerus called?
|Head of Radius
|Distal to the head of the radius- what is the rough knob on the medial side of the shaft called?
|Radial Tuberosity(attachment for the biceps brachii muscle)
|What is the lateral bony point on the distal end of the radius called?
|What are the two shallow depressions on the distal end of the radius that articulate with the scaphoid and lunate bones called?
|Whats on the medial distal end of the radius that articulates with the end of the ulna?
|What is the larger of the two lower arm bones and looks like a wrench?
|What is the deep C shaped proximal end of the ulna called?
|What is on the posterior side of the trochlear notch of the ulna and is the bony point where you rest your elbow?
|What is the anterior side of the proximal end of the ulna called?
|What is the tiny process at the most distal end of the ulna?
|What are the carpals in the proximal row(from lateral to medial) called?
|Scaphoid, Lunate, Triquetrum, and Pisiform(sesamoid bone)
|What are the carpals on the distal row (lateral to medial) called?
|Trapezium, Trapezoid, Capitate, and Hamate
|What are the 5 long bones that form the palm of hand called?
|Metacarpals (5) #1(thumb)...#5(pinky)
|What are the bones of the fingers called and how are they described as?
|Phalanges(2 on the thumb/3 in the fingers) Described as: proximal,middle,& distal Numbered as: I(thumb),II, III, IV, V(pinky)
|What does the Pelvis Girdle support and protect?
|Supports the trunk on the legs and protects the viscera of the pelvic cavity
|What does the Pelvis Girdle consist of?
|2-os Coxae and the Sacrum (3 bones total)
|What does the Pelvic Girdle consist of?
|2-os Coxae and NO Sacrum
|Each os coxae joined to the vertebral column by what?
|On the anterior side of the pelvis, the right and left pubic bones are joined by a pad of fibrocartilage called the_________?
|What is the portion of the pelvis that is superior to the arcuate line called?
|False Pelvis(or greater pelvis)
|What is the region inferior to the arcuate line of the pelvis called?
|True Pelvis(or lesser pelvis)
|What is the round region that separates the true and false pelvis called?
|Pelvic Inlet (the superior most margin of the true pelvis)
|What is the inferior margin of the true pelvis called?
|Adult os coxae/or coxal bones are formed by the fusion of what 3 childhood bones?
|Ilium, Ischium, and Pubis
|What is the largest bone that extends outward from the acetabulum and is the most superior fan shaped bone of the ox coxae?
|What is the superior ridge of the hip?
|Iliac Crest (hands on your hips = hands on your iliac crest)
|What is the most anterior point on the ilium?
|Anterior Superior Iliac Spine (ASIS)
|What is inferior to the anterior point of the ilium?
|Anterior Inferior Iliac Spine (AIIS)
|What is the most posterior point if the ilium?
|Posterior Superior Iliac Spine (PSIS)
|What is inferior to the posterior point of the ilium?
|Posterior Inferior Iliac Spine (PIIS)
|What is the anteromedial surface of the ilium that is smooth and slightly concaved?
|The ______ surface of the ilium is roughened for the attachment of muscles.
|What is the solid, rough bone on the posterior side of the ilium?
|What is the pointy projection on the ischium called?
|What is the deep notch on the ischium just below the PIIS- that allows nerves to pass through to the legs called?
|Greater Sciatic Notch
|What is the small notch/indentation inferior to the ischial spine called?
|Lesser Sciatic Notch
|What is the rough/thick lower corner of the ischium -that supports people as they sit called?
|The ramus of the ischium joins the inferior of the ______ anteriorly.
|What is the projection most anterior portion of the os coxae that is 'V' shaped with a superior and inferior ramus and a triangular body?
|What is the hip socket called? And what bones does it lie in?
|Acetabulum- is part of the ilium, ischium, and pubis
|What is the large round triangular hole below the acetabulum?
|The Thigh(upper leg) region hold what bone?
|Femur (hip to knee)
|The Crus(lower leg) region contains what bone(s)?
|Tibia and Fibula (knee to ankle)
|The Tarsus(ankle) region consists of what bones?
|Calcaneus, Talus, and Navicular (ankle joint)
|The Pes(foot) region consists of what bones?
|Tarsal bones (7) and Metatarsals (5)
|The Digits(toes) region houses what bones?
|What is the thigh bone that bows forward slightly?
|What is the ball on the medial proximal end of the femur that articulates with the acetabulum?
|Head of Femur
|What is the pit in the head of the femur- where the ligament teres extends from the acetabulum called?
|What is the constriction distal from the head of the femur called?
|Neck of Femur
|What is the large knob opposite from the head of the femur called?
|Greater Trochanter (insertions for powerful muscles of the hip)
|What is the knob just below the head of the femur called?
|Lesser Trochanter (insertions for powerful muscles of the hip)
|Trochanters are connected on the anterior side of the femur by a thick oblique ridge called________.
|What is the smooth projection on the medial side of the distal end of the femur called?
|What is the projection on the lateral side of the distal end of the femur called?
|On the distal ends of the femur- what flares out and serves as the sites of attachments for muscle and ligament attachments?
|Medial and Lateral Epicondyles
|What is the triangular sesamoid bone that has a pair of articular facets on its posterior surface?
|What is the ONLY weight bearing bone of the Crural region?
|What are the two fairly flat surfaces on the broad superior head of the tibia called?
|Lateral and Medial Condyles
|Condyles of the tibia articulate with the condyles of the ______.
|Whats on the medial distal end of the tibia?
|What is the smaller bone of the lower leg that does NOT bear any weight?
|What is on the distal end of the fibula on the lateral side?
|The proximal end of the fibula is called the _______.
|What bones comprises the proximal row of the tarsals?
|Calcaneus, Talus, and Navicular
|What is the largest tarsal bone that forms the heel? (Achilles tendons attach here)
|What is the second largest bone of the tarsal that articulates with the tibia inferiorly, and the navicular anteriorly?
|What are the bones on the Distal row of the Tarsals? (from medial to lateral)
|1. 1st Cuneiform : Medial Cuneiform 2. 2nd Cuneiform : Intermediate Cuneiform 3. 3rd Cuneiform : Lateral Cuneiform 4. Cuboid (the largest)