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ch. 5 & 6

digestive system

-ase enzyme
-chezia defecation-elimination of wastes
-ectasis dilation, widening
-emesis vomiting
-iasis condition
-lithiasis condition of stones
-pepsia digestion
-prandial meal
-ptysis spitting
-rrhagia,-rrhage bursting forth (of blood)
-spasm involuntary contraction of muscles
-stenosis narrowing, structure, tightening
-tresia opening
-rrhaphy suture
amyl/o starch
bucc/o cheek
cheil/o lip
labi/o lip
dent/i tooth
odont/o tooth
esophag/o esophagus
faci/o face
gingiv/o gums
gloss/o tongue
lingu/o tongue
mandibul/o lower jaw bone
or/o mouth
stomat/o mouth
palat/o palate; roof of the mouth
pharyng/o pharynx; throat
sial/o saliva
sialaden/o salivary gland
dysphagia difficulty swallowing
stomatitis inflammation of the mouth
aphthous stomatitis inflammation of the mouth with ulcers
herpetic stomatitis inflammation of the mouth due to herpes simplex virus
oral leukoplakia white plaques in the mucous membranes of the mouth-precancerous
periodontal disease disease of the tissue surrounding the teeth (gums)=gingivitis
pyorrhea "flow of pus" -refers to abscessed, infected gums
py/o pus
bil/i bile
bilirubin/o bilirubin
chol/e bile
cholangi/o bile vessels
choledoch/o common bile duct
cholecyst/o gallbladder
gastr/o stomach
gluc/o sugar
glyc/o sugar
glycogen/o glycogen (starch)
hepat/o liver
lapar/o abdomen
celi/o abdomen
lip/o fat
lith/o stones
pancreat/o pancreas
peritone/o peritoneum (membrane surrounding the abdominal organs)
steat/o fat
achlorhydria no stomach acid produced (hydrochloric acid is in stomach acid)
anorexia no appetite
ascites accumulation of fluid in abdominal cavity
colic pain
gastroesophageal reflux stomach acid and contents back up into the esophagus (GERD)
jaundice yellow/orange coloration of skin and eyes caused by high levels of bilirubin in blood
nausea unpleasant sensation in stomach with a tendency to vomit
achalasia failure of the lower esophageal sphincter to relax "no relaxation"
esophageal varices varicose veins in the esophagus
hiatal hernia upper part of the stomach protrudes upward through the diaphragm- leads to GERD
ulcer open sore in the lining of the mucous membrane of the stomach or duodenum
cirrhosis chronic degenerative disease of the liver, the liver becomes filled with fat
cholecystitis inflammation of the gallbladder
cholelithiasis condition of stones in the gallbladder (gallstones)
viral hepatitis inflammation of the liver caused by a virus (a=most benign, spread by contaminated food/water b&c=spread by contact with blood/body fluids (more severe))
an/o anus
append/o appendix
appendic/o appendix
cec/o cecum
col/o colon
colon/o colon
duoden/o duodenum (first part of small intestine)
enter/o small intestines
herni/o hernia, protrusion
ile/o ileum(last part of small intestine)
jejun/o jejunum (middle part of small intestine)
proct/o rectum and anus
pylor/o pylorus
rect/o rectum
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon (s-curved at end of descending colon)
constipation difficulty in passing stools(due to slow peristalsis and/or feces)
diarrhea "complete discharge" "flow through" frequent passing of loose, watery stools
flatus gas expelled through the anus
hematochezia passage of bright red blood from the rectum ( in the stools)
melena black tarry stools-indicates presence of digested blood
steatorrhea fat in the feces
colonic polyposis presence of polyps (growths) in the mucous membranes of the colon
colorectal cancer malignant tumors of the colon or rectum
inflammatory bowel disease group of diseases causing inflammation of the intestines, thought to be autoimmune
Chron's disease chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract -diarrhea, pain, fever, weight loss
ulcerative colitis inflammation of the colon with ulcers
diverticula abnormal out pouchings in the intestinal wall
dysentery painful, inflamed intestines usually caused by a bacterial infection (frequent bloody stools and abdomen pain)
hemorrhoids swollen twisted (varicose) veins in the rectal region
hernia protrusion of an organ through a muscular wall
ileus loss of peristalsis resulting in obstruction of the intestines
intussusception telescoping of the intestines
irritable bowel disease group of intestinal symptoms associated with stress and tension
volvulus twisting of the intestine upon itself
abdominocentesis (paracentesis) surgical puncture to remove fluid from the abdomen
barium enema x-ray images of the colon and rectum are taken after contrast dye is injected into the rectum
barium swallow x-ray of the esophagus, stomach, and small intestines are taken after contrast dye is taken by mouth
cholangiography x-ray of the bile vessels after injection of contrast into the bile ducts
cholecystojejunostomy new opening between the gallbladder and the second part of the small intestine
choledochojejunostomy new opening between the common bile duct and the second part of the small intestine
Ct scan series of x-ray images are taken and assembled by a computer to give a cross-section view
endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography x-ray of bile vessels and pancreas with dye injected by a tube placed into the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum
gastrojejunostomy new opening between the stomach and the jejunum
hemoccult test test to detect hidden blood in the feces
Liver Function Tests tests for the presence of liver enzymes and bilirubin in blood
nasogastric intubation tube is placed through the nose and into the stomach
palatoplasty surgical repair of the palate
stool culture test for micro organisms present in feces
Created by: klepley