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Medical Terminology

Anatomical Positions

ANTERIOR Front or in front
POSTERIOR Back or back of
MEDIAL Midline towards centre
LATERAL Side or away from midline
PROXIMAL Nearest to a point of origin/nearer to the trunk
DISTAL Furthest from a point of origin/further from the trunk
SUPERFICIAL Nearer to the skin or body surface
DEEP Away from surface/further under the skin
CORTEX Outer region e.g. of kidney
MEDULLA Inner region e.g. of kidney
PERIPHERAL Relating to the outer surface or circumference
PLANTAR Referring to sole of a foot
PALMAR Referring to palm of a hand
SAGITTAL Lengthwise (vertically) from front to back
FRONTAL OR CORONAL Lengthwise (vertically) form side to side dividing body into ventral and dorsal sections
HORIZONTAL/AXIAL/ TRANSVERSE Divides body across into upper and lower parts
CRANIAL/CEPHALAD Head or towards the head/ upper section
CAUDAL OR CAUDAD Tail or towards tail/lower section
BILATERAL Both sides
IPSILATERAL On the same side
CONTRALATERAL On the opposite side
PRONE Body lying face down
SUPINE Body lying face up
Created by: Owly