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Medical Terminology

Anatomical Positions

TermDefinition
SUPERIOR Above
INFERIOR Below
ANTERIOR Front or in front
POSTERIOR Back or back of
MEDIAL Midline towards centre
LATERAL Side or away from midline
PROXIMAL Nearest to a point of origin/nearer to the trunk
DISTAL Furthest from a point of origin/further from the trunk
SUPERFICIAL Nearer to the skin or body surface
DEEP Away from surface/further under the skin
VENTRAL Front
DORSAL Back
CORTEX Outer region e.g. of kidney
MEDULLA Inner region e.g. of kidney
PERIPHERAL Relating to the outer surface or circumference
PLANTAR Referring to sole of a foot
PALMAR Referring to palm of a hand
SAGITTAL Lengthwise (vertically) from front to back
FRONTAL OR CORONAL Lengthwise (vertically) form side to side dividing body into ventral and dorsal sections
HORIZONTAL/AXIAL/ TRANSVERSE Divides body across into upper and lower parts
CRANIAL/CEPHALAD Head or towards the head/ upper section
CAUDAL OR CAUDAD Tail or towards tail/lower section
BILATERAL Both sides
UNILATERAL One side
IPSILATERAL On the same side
CONTRALATERAL On the opposite side
PRONE Body lying face down
SUPINE Body lying face up
Created by: Owly