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Respiratory System Spelling Words

QuestionAnswer
adenoids Collection of lymphatic tissue within the nasopharynx (pharyngeal tonsils)
alveoli Tiny air sacs within the lungs, resembling small balloons (alveolus-singular form)
anoxia Absence of oxygen in the tissues
auscultation The process of listening to body sounds especially in the chest, with use of a stethoscope
bronchi Two branches of the trachea which lead to the right and left lungs (bronchus-singular form)
bronchiectasis Chronic dilation of a bronchus or bronchi
bronchioles Smaller branches of the bronchi
cystic fibrosis A hereditary disease of the endocrine glands affecting the respiratory system, pancreas and sweat glands
diaphragm A large muscle located between the chest and the abdominal wall
dysphonia Difficulty in speaking, hoarseness
dyspnea Difficult breathing
eupnea Good (normal) breathing
hemoptysis Condition of spitting up blood
hemothorax Blood in the chest cavity
histamines Blood substances that dilate blood vessels, causing swelling and inflammation in nasal passages
hypercapnia Condition of an increased amount of carbon dioxide in the blood
hyperpnea Increased breathing, deeper than normal
larynx Voice box. Responsible for sound production
lobular Pertaining to a lobe
mediastinum The space between the right lung and the left lung, which contains the heart, aorta, esophagus, and the bronchi
nares Nostrils (naris-singular form)
nasopharynx The portion of the pharynx above the soft palate and behind the nose
orthopnea Respiratory condition of discomfort breathing in any butane erect or standing position
palatine tonsils Collection of lymphatic tissue within the oropharynx
parietal pleura The outermost layer, lining the thoracic cavity
percussion The process of gently tapping with the fingers to determine position, size or consistency of an underlying structure
pharyngoscope Instrument used to view the throat
pleura Serous membrane which envelopes the lungs and folds over to line the walls of the thoracic cavity
pleural effusion Excess of fluid in the pleura cavity
pneumonia An inflammatory disease of the lungs caused by bacteria, viruses, disease, chemical, etc
pneumothorax Collection of air in the pleural cavity
pulmonary Pertaining to the lungs
respiratory system Consists of organs that are responsible for the breathing process. It exchanges oxygen and carbon dioxide at a cellular level
sinusitis Inflammation of a sinus
sputum An abnormal viscous fluid formed in the lower respiratory tract that often contains blood, pus, and bacteria
stenosis Narrowing or constriction
stethoscope An instrument used in auscultation
tachypnea Rapid breathing
thoracic Pertaining to the chest area
tonsillotome An instrument used to cut the tonsils
trachea Windpipe. Cartilaginous tube which extends from the larynx to the bronchial tubes
tuberculosis An infectious disease caused by inhaling viable tubercle bacilli
visceral pleura The innermost layer lying next to the lung
Created by: DawnLangridge
 

 



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