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Stack #muscle OIA

QuestionAnswer
Common insertion: vertebral border of scapula[4] 1.Serratus Anterior [O:ribs 1-8]2.Levator scapula [O: t.p. C1-C4]3.Rhomboid minor [O: s.p. C7-T1]4.Rhomboid major (O: s.p. T2-T5)
Common insertion: mastoid process of temporal bone [3] 1.Sternocleidomastiod [O: manubrium of sternum, medial clavicle]2.Splenius capitis (includes occ.bone)[O:s.p. C6-T7]3.Longissimus [O:t.p. C4-L5]
Common insertion: lesser tubercle of humerus[2] 1.Teres major [O:inferior angle of scapula]2.Supscapularis [O:suscapular fossa of scapula]
Common insertion: greater tubercle of humerus[4] 1.Teres minor [O:verterbral border of scapula]2.Pectoralis major [O:ribs 1-6]3.Infraspinatus [O:infraspinous fossa of scapula]4.Supraspinatus [O:supraspinous fossa of scapula4.Su
Common insertion: olecranon process of ulna[3] 1. Triceps brachii : a)long head [O:infraglenoid tubercle of scapula]b)lateral head [O:posterior humerus]c) medial head [O:posterior humerus]
Common insertion: proximal phalanx of pollex[4] 1.Extensor pollicis brevis [O:post. ulna, post.radius, and interrosseous membrane]2.Abductor pollicis brevis [O:scaphoid, trapezium, flexor retinaculum]3.Flexor pollicis brevis [O:trapezium, flexor retinaculum]4.Adductor pollicis [O:capitate, 2nd-4th meta
Common insertion: distal phalanx of pollex[2] 1.Flexor pollicis longus [O:ant. radius and interroseous membrane]2.Extensor pollicis longus [O:post. radius, post. ulna, interosseous membrane]
Common insertion: linea aspera of femur[4] 1.Pectineus [O: superior ramus of pubis]2.Adductor longus [O:pubis-near pubic symphysis]3.Adductor brevis [O:body of pubis, inferior ramus of pubis]4.Adductor magnus [O:ischial ramus, ischial tuberosity, inferior ramus]
Common insertion: patella, tibial tuberosity, via tendon of quadriceps femoris and patellar ligament[4] 1.Rectus femoris [O:inferior iliac crest]2.Vastus medialis [O:intertrochanteric crest, linea aspera]3.Vastus lateralis [O:greater trochanter of femur, intertrochanteric line, linea aspera]4.Vastus intermedius [O:shaft of femur]
Common insertion: calcaneus[2] 1.Gastrocnemius [O:lateral and medial condyle of femur]2.Soleus [O:proximal tibia, proximal fibula, interosseous membrane]
Common insertion: greater trochanter of femur[3] 1.Gluteus medius [O:lateral surface of ilium]2.Gluteus minimus [O:lateral surface of ilium]3.Piriformis [O:lateral surface of sacrum]
Common insertion: head of fibula, condyle of tibia [2] 1.Biceps femoris: a)long head [O:ischial tuberosity]b)short head [O:linea aspera]
Common insertion: distal phalanx of hallux[2] 1.Extensor hallucis longus [O:anterior fibula, interosseous membrane]2.Flexor hallucis longus [O:middle shaft of fibula, interosseous membrane
Common insertion: medial cuneiform, 1st metatarsal [2] 1.Tibularis anterior [O:lateral condyle of tibia, interosseous membrane2.Fibularis longus [O:head of fibula]
Common insertion: radial tuberosity of radius[2] 1.Biceps brachii a)long head [O:supraglenoid fossa of scapula]b)short head [O:corocoid process of scapula]
Common insertion: medial tibia[2] 1.Satorius [O:anterior superior iliac spine]2.Semitendinosus [O:ischial tuberosity]
Common origin: POSTERIOR HUMERUS[2] 1.Triceps brachii: long head [I:olecranon process of ulna]2.Triceps brachii: short head [I:olecranon process of ulna]
Serratus anterior action rotates inferior angle of scapula
pectoralis minor action depresses scapula, downwardly rotates scapula
scalenes origin t.p. of cervical vertebrae
scalenes insertion anterior surface of ribs 1-2
scalenes action elevate ribs 1-2, flexes and rotates neck
serratus anterior origin ribs 1-8
serratus anterior inserttion verterbral border of scapula
serratus anterior action rotates inferior angle of scapula laterally
latissimus dorsi A: extends arm shoulder, adducts arm, rotates arm medially
pectoralis major A: flexes arm at shoulder, rotates arm medially, adducts arm
levator scapula A: elevates scapula, downwardly rotates scapula
rhomboid major A: adducts scapula, downwardly rotates scapula
rhomboid minor A: adducts scapula, downwardly rotates scapula
supraspinatus A: abducts arms
infraspinatus A: rotates arm laterally
teres major A: adducts arm, extends arm at shoulder, rotates arm medially
teres minor A: rotates arm laterally
subscapularis rotates arm medially
Common action: flexes forearm at elbow[2] 1. biceps brachii long head and short head (but also supinates forearm 2. brachialis
brachialis O: anterior humerus
brachialis I: coronoid process of ulna
coracobrachialis O: corocoid process of scapula
coracobrachialis I: medial humerus
coracobrachialis A: flexes arm at shoulder, adducts arm
common action: extends forearm at elbow[3] triceps brachii: long head, lateral, head medial head
Common orgin: lateral epicondyle of humerus[5] 1. extensor digitorum 2. extensor digiti mini3. extensor carpi radialis brevis 4. extensor carpi ulnaris (posterior ulna) 5. supinator (incl. proximal ulna)
Common origin: post. ulna, post. radius, interosseous membrane[4] 1.abductor pollicis longus 2. extensor pollicis brevis3. extensor pollicis longus4. extensor indicis (no post. radius)
flexor carpi radialis A: flexes hand at wrist. ABducts hand
palmaris longus A: flexes hand at wrist
flexor carpi ulnaris A: flexes hand at wrist. ADducts hand
flexor digitorum superificialis flexes hand at wrist, flexes proximal interphalangeal joints
common action: flexes hand at wrist [4] 1. flexor carpi radialis 2. palmaris longus 3. flexor carpi ulnaris 4. flexor digitorum superificialis
flexor digitorum profundus O: ulna and interosseous membrane
flexor digitorum profundus A: flexes distal interphalangeal joints
flexor pollicis longus O: anterior radius and interosseous membrane
flexor pollicis longus I: distal phalanx of pollux
flexor pollicis longus A: flexes 1st interphalangeal joints
pronator quadratus O: distal and anterior ulna
pronator quadratus I: distal and anterior radius
Common insertion: lateral supracondlyar ridge of humerus [2] 1. brachioradialis 2. extensor carpi radialis longus
brachioradialis I: styloid process of radius
brachioradialis A: flexes forearm at elbow. stabilizes elbow during flexion and extension
extensor carpi radialis longus O: lateral supracondylar ridge of humerus
extensor carpi radialis longus I: 2nd metacarpal
extensor carpi radialis longus A: extends hand at wrist, ABducts hand
extensor carpi radialis brevis A: extends hand at wrist, ABducts hands
extensor carpi radialis brevis O: lateral epicondlyle of humerus
extensor carpi radialis brevis I: 3rd metacarpal
extensor digitorum I: distal phalanges 2nd to 5th digit
extensor digitorum A: extends hand at wrist, extends distal interphalangeal joints
extensor carpi ulnaris I: 5th metacarpal
extensor carpi ulnaris A: extends hand at wrist, ADducts hand
supinator I: proximal end of radius
abductor pollicis longus I: trapezium, 1st metacarpal
extensor pollicis brevis I: proximal phalanx of pollex
extensor pollicis brevis A: extends 1st metacarpal phalangeal joint
extensor pollicis longus I: distal phalanx of pollex
extensor pollicis longus A: extends 1st interphalangeal joint
extensor indicis I: distal phalanx of 2nd digit
extensor indicis A: extends 2nd distal interphalangeal joint
extensor digit mini I: distal phalanx of 5th digit
extensor digit mini A: extends 5th distal interphalangeal joint
abductor pollicis brevis O: scaphoid, trapezium, flexor retinaculum
abductor pollicis brevis I: proximal phalanx of pollex
opponens pollicis O: trapezium, flexor retinaculum
opponens pollicis I: 1st metacarpal
flexor pollicis brevis O: trapezium, flexor retinaculum
flexor pollicis brevis A: flexes 1st metacarpal phalangeal joint
adductor pollicis A: adducts pollex, opposes pollex
adductor pollicis O: capitate, 2nd to 4th metacarpal
adductor pollicis I: proximal phalanx of pollex
iliopsoas A: flexes thigh at hip, flexes vertebral column
sartorius flexes thigh at hip, rotates thigh laterally, flexes leg at knee, rotates knee medially
Common action: extends leg at knee[4] 1.rectus femoris (incl. flexes thigh at hip) 2. vastus lateralis (incl. stabilizes knee) 3. vastus medialis (incl. stabilizes patella) 4. vastud intermedius
pectineus A: ADducts thigh, flexes thigh at hip, rotates thigh medially
tensor fascia latae A: flexes thigh at hip, ABducts thigh, rotates thigh medially
Common action: Adducts thigh [4] 1. gracilis (also flexes leg at knee, rotates leg medially) 2. adductor longus (also flexes thigh at hip, rotates thigh medially 3. adductor brevis (also, rotates thigh medially 4. adductor magnus (also flexes thigh at hip, rotates thigh laterally
gluteus maximus A: extends thigh at hip, rotates thigh laterally, abducts thigh
gluteus minimus and medius A: abducts thigh, rotates thigh medially
biceps femoris short head and long head A: extends thigh at hip, flexes leg at knee, rotates leg laterally
Common action: ABducts thigh gluteus maximus, medius, minimus
semitendinosus, semimembranosus A: extends thigh at hip, flexes leg at knee, rotates leg medially
piriformis rotates thigh laterally when hip is extended
quadratus femoris I: intertrochanteric crest of femur
quadratus femoris A: rotates thigh laterally , stabilizes hip
Common action: dorsiflexes foot at ankle [3] 1.tibialis anterior (also inverts foot) 2. extensor hallucis longus (also extends 1st interphalangeal joint ) 3. fibularis tertius (also everts foot)
extensor digitorum longus A: extends 2nd to 5th distal interphalangeal joints
Common origin: anterior fibula, interosseous membrane fibularis tertius, extensor hallucis longus
flexor digitorum longus A: plantar flexes foot at ankle, inverts foot, flexes 2nd -5th distal interphalangeal joints
flexor hallucis longus A: plantar flexes foot at ankle, inverts foot, flexes all joints of hallux
tibialis posterior A: plantar flexes foot at ankle, inverts foot
iliocostalis O: iliac crests, ribs 3-12
iliocostalis I: inferior ribs, t.s. C4-C6
Created by: groovychik601