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Yellow Module Respiratory Review
|Describe the nasal cavity.
|Chamber lined with mucous membranes and tiny cilia.
|What are olfactory neurons?
|Receptors for the sense of smell.
|What happens to CO2 as it enters pulmonary capillaries?
|It diffuses from the blood within the pulmonary capillaries and enters alveolar spaces.
|What happens to the diaphragm when we breathe?
|Contracts during inspirations Relaxes during expiration.
|What is external respiration?
|Exchange of O2 and CO2 between the alveoli and the blood in pulmonary capillaries.
|What is internal respiration?
|Exchange of O2 and CO2 between the body cells and the blood in systemic capillaries.
|What is pulmonary ventilation?
|Describe the transport of respiratory gases?
|When blood transports CO2 to the lungs and O2 to the body cells.
|What is the respiratory system responsible for?
|Exchange of O2 and CO2.
|What are exudates?
|Fluid that is usually high in protein and often contains blood and immune cells.
|What are transudates?
|Non-inflammatory fluid that resembles serum but with slightly less protein.
|What are the causes of asthma?
|Allergens, irritants, stress, cold, exercise.
|What are the three major disorders included in COPD?
|Asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema.
|What is emphysema?
|Characterized by decreased elasticity of the alveoli.
|arterial blood gases
|acute respiratory distress syndrome
|chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
|dry powder inhaler
|forced vital capacity
|hyaline membrane disease
|infant respiratory distress syndrome
|nebulized mist treatment
|pulmonary function tests
|paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea
|respiratory distress syndrome
|shortness of breath
|tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
|temperature, pulse, respirations
|upper respiratory infection
|diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus
|sudden infant death syndrome
|hereditary disease of the exocrine glands, effects respiratory system, pancreas and sweat glands.
|Abnormal breath sounds heard on auscultation.
|Abnormal respiratory sound heard on auscultation. Also called rafe.
|Absence of the sense of smell.
|Acute infectious disease characterized by a cough that has a "whoop" sound.
|An infectious disease caused by inhaling viable tubercle bacilli: aka acid-fast bacillus.
|An inflammatory disease of the lungs caused by bacteria, viruses, disease, chemicals, etc.
|Block histamines from binding with histamine receptor sites in tissues.
|Collapsed or airless state of the lung, may be acute or chronic.
|Collection of lymphatic tissue within the oropharynx.
|Condition caused by insufficient intake of oxygen.
|Disease caused by inhaling dust particles.
|Ease with which lung tissue can be stretched.
|Excess fluid in the pleural cavity.
|Excision of part of the pleura.
|Excision of a lung.
|High-pitched, harsh, adventitious breath sound.
|thoracic (chest) x-ray
|Images of the chest taken from AP, PA and lateral views.
|Inflammation of the pleural membrane.
|Intradermal test to determine tuberculin sensitivity.
|Measurement of the amount of salt in sweat, used to diagnose CF.
|Measurement of ventilator ability by assessing lung capacity and flow.
|Method of monitoring the percent of Hb saturated with O2.
|Moving or spreading out of a substance at random.
|pulmonary function test (PFTs)
|Multiple tests used to evaluate the ability of the lungs to take in and expel air.
|Nuclear scanning test primarily used to detect pulmonary emboli.
|Positioning a patient so that gravity aids in the drainage of secretions from the bronchi and lobes of the lungs.
|Relieve or suppress coughing.
|Spasms in the bronchial passage.
|Stimulate bronchial muscles to relax and expand air passages.
|Surgical puncture and drainage of the pleural cavity.
|carbon dioxide (CO2)
|Tasteless, colourless, odourless gas produced by body cells during the metabolic process.
|Tasteless, colourless, odourless gas essential for human respiration.
|Temporary loss of breathing.
|arterial blood gases (ABG)
|Test that measures PO2, PCO2, pH and bicarbonate level of an arterial blood sample.
|Test used to identify pathogens, especially group A streptococci.
|The innermost layer lying next to the lung.
|The outermost layer, lining the lung.
|The process of gently tapping with the fingers to determine position, size or consistency of an underlying structure.
|The process of listening to body sounds, especially in the chest, with the use of a stethoscope.
|The process of providing the body with adequate amounts of oxygen
|Visual examination of the larynx.
|Visual examination of the mediastinal structures.
|Whistling or sighing sound heard on auscultation.