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Cardiovascular Review

QuestionAnswer
Describe capillaries -join arterial system with venous system -most significant -provide cells with vital products -remove waste products from cells
Describe the heart hollow, muscular organ lying in the mediastinum that propels blood to the entire body
Describe the SA node -locate in upper portion of the right atrium -has its own built-in rhythm -ability to initiate and transmit each heartbeat -sets the basic pace for the cardiac rate`
How do veins return blood to the heart -skeletal muscle contraction -gravity -respiratory activity -valves
How is blood supplied to the heart muscle coronary arteries
Name the factors that influence blood pressure -resistance of blood flow -pumping action of heart -viscosity of blood -elasticity of arteries -quanity of blood
Name the four structures responsible for electrical conduction of the heart -SA node -AV node -bundle of His -Purkinje fibers
Name the three layers of the heart -endocardium -myocardium -epicardium
What are the three layers of artery walls -tunica externa -tunica media -tunica intima
What are the three major types of blood vessels -artery -capillary -vein
what are valves small structures within the veins that prevent backflow of blood
What is endocarditis inflammation of the inner lining of the heart and its valves
What type of blood do arteries carry oxygenated
What type of blood do veins carry deoxygenated
Where is each heart valve located tricuspid -right ventricle and right atrium pulmonic -pulmonary arteries and right ventricle bicuspid (mitral) -left atrium and left ventricle aortic -aorta and left ventricle
Any endovascular procedure that reopens narrowed blood vessels angioplasty
Applying controlled electrical shock to the exterior of the chest cardioversion
Blood clot that forms in the deep veins of the body deep vein thrombosis (DVT)
Blood clot that obstructs a vessel thrombosis
Blood passes from the left atrium to the left ventricle; aka mitral valve bicuspid valve
Carries deoxygenated blood from the right ventricle to the lungs pulmonary artery
Carries oxygenated blood back to the heart from the lungs pulmonary vein
Causes a decrease of heart rate and contractility beta-blockers
Collects and carries deoxygenated blood from the lower portion to the right atrium inferior vena cava
Collects and carries deoxygenated blood from the top portion to the right atrium superior vena cava
Condition which develops when the valves of the veins are damaged varicose veins
Consistently elevated blood pressure hypertension
Decreased blood pressure hypotension
Destruction of a blood clot thrombolysis
Destruction of conductive tissue of the heart catheter ablation
Destruction of tissue necrosis
Device used to hold open vessels stent
Dilate blood vessels of the heart nitrates
ECG, recording system capable of storing to hours of tracing Holter monitor
Fibrous sac which encloses the heart pericardium
Form of arteriosclerosis characterized by deposits of plaque in arteries atherosclerosis
Hardening and narrowing of an artery arteriosclerosis
Inability of the heart to maintain a normal sinus rhythm arrhythmia
Inability of the valves to close properly insufficiency
Incision of a valve to increase the size of the opening valvotomy
Increase excretion of water and sodium diuretics
Inflammation of a vein phlebitis
Inner most layer of the heart endocardium
Intermittent chest pain angina
Life-threatening condition characterized by necrosis in the myocardium myocardial infarction (MI)
Local and temporary deficiency of blood supply ischemia
Localized abnormal dilation of a blood vessel aneurysm
Located between the right atrium and right ventricle tricuspid valve
Lowers blood pressure angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
Lowers cholesterol statins
Mass lodged in a blood vessel embolism
Muscular layer of the heart myocardium
Narrowing of a vessel coarctation
Necrosis of tissue following cessation of blood supply infarction
Outer most layer of the heart epicardium
Passage of a catheter into the heart cardiac catheterization
Prevents backflow of blood into the right ventricle pulmonic valve
Procedure used to remove or treat varicose veins laser ablation
Sensation that the heart is not beating normally palpitation
Series of tests used to asses risk of ischemic heart disease lipid panel
Soft blowing sound heard on auscultation bruit
The contraction phase of the heart systole
The relaxation phase of the heart diastole
Ultrasound that assesses different areas of the heart Doppler ultrasound
Ultrasound used to visualize internal cardiac structures echocardiogram
Created by: DawnLangridge
 

 



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