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A&P1-16 Female Repro

Ch 16: Female Reproductive System

Afterbirth The placenta and its associated membranes delivered after the baby
Atresia Process in which oogonia and primary oocytes degenerate
Capacitation The acids of the vagina & other fluids of the female reproductive tract break down cholesterol of sperms' cell membrane & stimulate sperm to swim faster so after 10 hours, the sperm are able to release the enzymes of the acrosome cap to penetrate an egg
Colostrum A thin, watery fluid containing protein, lactose (milk sugar), and many antibodies but one-third less fat than breast milk
Crowning The appearance of the baby's head at the vaginal opening during birth
Effacement The thinning of the cervix in preparation for birth
Episiotomy An incision made in a female's perineum to widen the vaginal opening during birth
Folliculogenesis The changes in a follicle during oogenesis
Gestation The time from fertilization to birth
Labor Uterine contractions to bring about birth
Lactation Milk production
Mammography An x-ray examination of the breast used to detect breast cancer
Menopause Cessation of menstrual periods for at least a year
Menstrual cycle Part of the female sexual cycle of events that affects the uterine lining
Milk ejection reflex A reflex that is initiated by suckling on a breast and results in myoepithelial cells in the mammary lobules contracting to release milk to the lactiferous ducts in the breast
Oogenesis Egg production
Ovarian cycle Part of the female sexual cycle of events that occurs in the ovary
Ovulation The release of an egg from an ovary
Parturition The process of birth
Prolapse An effect of aging in the female reproductive system in which organs such as the urinary bladder and vagina drop out of position
Created by: teribere



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