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A&P1-9 Cardio Blood

Ch 9: Cardiovascular System - Blood

TermDefinition
Agglutination An immune response in which antibodies clump cells with specific antigens
Clotting factor An inactive chemical in the blood that, when activated, promotes a reaction cascade to form a clot
Coagulation Blood clotting; the third step in hemostasis
Erythrocyte Red blood cell
Erythropoietin (EPO) Chemical produced by the kidneys to stimulate red blood cell production when the oxygen blood level is low
Fibrin A solid protein fiber necessary for blood clot formation
Fibrinogen Protein dissolved in plasma that is the precursor to fibrin
Formed elements The cells and cell parts found in blood
Granulocyte Any of 3 types of leukocytes containing small granules that differ in color when stained (neutrophils, basophils, eosinophils)
Hematocrit A test that measures the percentage of erythrocytes to whole blood
Hemocytoblast A starting cell for the production of all the formed elements; stem cell
Hemoglobin A red, complex protein that is made of four chains of amino acids found in red blood cells and that functions to carry oxygen
Hemopoiesis Blood production (hemo-blood, poiesis-make)
Hemostasis 3 step process (vascular spasm, platelet plug formation, and coagulation) that stop bleeding
Leukocyte White blood cell 5 types (neutrophils, basophils, eosinophils, monocytes, lymphocytes)
Lymphoid Type of hemopoiesis that produces lymphocytes in lymphoid tissues outside the red bone marrow
Myeloid Type of hemopoiesis that produces all the formed elements in the red bone marrow
Pluripotent The ability to become cells of differing types. (Ex: hemocytoblast can become any one of eight different formed elements)
Serum Plasma with the fibrinogen and clotting factors removed
Thrombocyte One type of formed element of the blood; commonly called platelet
Created by: teribere