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A&P1-1 Basics

Ch 1: The Basic: Define anatomical terms

TermDefinition
Abdominal Pertaining to the belly region
Anatomy The body study of structures
Appendicular Arms and legs of the body
Axial Head, neck, and trunk of the body
Cranial Cavity in the head that houses the brain
Greater omentum An extension of the peritoneal membrane, that looks like a fatty apron lying over the abdominal viscera, and extends from the inferior margin of the stomach
Homeostasis An internal environment the body must maintain for normal functioning
Meninges 3 layers of membrane surrounding the brain and spinal cord
Mesentery Fold of the peritoneum (attaches organs to the posterior wall of the abdomen; contains blood vessels and nerves, going to individual organs)
Negative feedback Process the body uses to reverse the direction of movement away from homeostasis
Parietal Part of a serous membrane not in direct contact with a organ
Pelvic Cavity in the inferior trunk that houses the urinary bladder, rectum, and reproductive organs
Peritoneum Serous membrane that surrounds the organs in the abdominopelvic cavity
Physiology The study of how the body's structures function
Pleura Serous membrane surrounding each lung individually
Positive feedback The process the body uses to increase movement away from homeostasis
Proximal Closer to the connection of the body, point of attachment or origin (the elbow is proximal to the wrist)
Serous membrane Double-layered membrane that contains fluid between the 2 layers
Thoracic Cavity in the superior trunk (chest)
Visceral Part of a serous membrane in direct contact with a organ
Created by: teribere