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Cardiovascular Words & Reverse Defs

TermDefinition
anastomosis surgical attachment of one end of a hollow structure to another end
angina intermittent chest pain, usually short duration
angiorraphy suturing of a blood vessel
aorta largest artery in the body which collets blood from the left ventricle and delivers it to all parts of the body via smaller arteries
artery a vessel that carries oxygenated blood from the heart to body tissues and organs
arteriole a small artery
bicuspid valve a valve with two cusps through which blood passes from the left atrium to the left ventricle. Also called mitral valve
bradycardia slow heart action
bundle of HIS specialized muscle fibres in the walls of the heart, between he ventricle, that carry the electrical impulses to the ventricles
capillaries microscopic blood vessels connecting arterioles and venules
cardiomegaly enlargement of the heart
cardiovascular system system composed of the heart, blood vessels and their function within the body
carditis inflammation of the heart
conductive tissue highly specialized cardiac tissue which initiates and continues contraction impulses
congenital septal defect small holes within the atrial or ventricular septums, which are present at birth
congestive heart failure failure of the heart to pump an adequate amount of blood to the tissues and organs
coronary artery disease any disease which alters the ability of the coronary artery to deliver the amount of blood that is required by the heart muscle
diaphoresis profuse sweating
diastole the relaxation phase of the heart
dyspnea difficulty breathing
endocardium innermost layer of the heart
epicardium outermost layer o the heart
heart a hollow muscular organ that pumps blood through the arteries, capillaries, and veins
inferior vena cava large vein which collect and carries deoxygenated blood from the lower portion of the body and enters the right atrium
insufficiency inability of valves to close properly
left atrium chamber which receives oxygenated blood from the lungs
myocardial infarction life threatening condition characterized by necrosis in the myocardium due to a lack of oxygen
necrosis destruction (death) of tissue
pallor paleness
pericardium fibrous sac which enclose the heart
phlebitis inflammation of a vein
pulmonary artery carries deoxygenated blood from the right ventricle to the lungs
pulmonary vein carries oxygenated blood back to the heart from the lungs
pulmonic valve prevents the backflow of blood into the right ventricle
Purkinje fibers extended up the walls of the ventricles and transmit electrical impulses to both ventricles causing them to contract
right atrium chamber which collects deoxygenated blood from the body
right ventricle chamber which pumps deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs
septum muscular wall which divides the right and left sides of the heart
shunt a passage between two blood vessel between two sides of the heart
sphygmomanometer instrument for measuring blood pressure
stenosis narrowing
superior vena cava large vein which collects and carries deoxygenated blood from the top portion of the body and enters the right atrium
systole the contraction phase of the heart
tachycardia rapid heart action
thrombophlebitis abnormal condition of a blood clot in the blood vessel
tricuspid valve a valve with 3 cusps located between the right atrium and right ventricle which allows blood to pass into the right ventricle
varicose vein condition which develop when the valves of the veins are damaged, characterized by enlarged veins edema of the surrounding tissues
vein a vessel that carries deoxygenated blood to the heart from the body organs and tissues
venule a small vein
heart a hollow muscular organ that pumps blood through the arteries, capillaries, and veins
fibrillation arrhythmia in which there is an abnormally rapid, uncoordinated quivering of the myocardium that can affect the atria or the ventricles
arteriole a small artery
venule a small vein
thrombosis abnormal condition of a blood clot in the blood vessel which constructs it at the site of its formation
diuretics act on kidneys to increase excretion of water and sodium
aortography angiography of the aorta and its branches after injection of a contrast medium
coronary angiography that is used to determine the degree of stenosis or obstruction of the arteries that supply the blood to the heart
(PTCA) percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty angioplasty of the coronary arteries in which a balloon catheter is inserted through skin into the right femoral artery and threaded to the site of the stenosis
coronary artery disease any disease which alters the ability of the coronary artery to deliver the amount of blood that is required by the heart muscle
angioplasty any endovascular procedure that reopens narrowed blood vessels and restores forward flow
heart block arrhythmia in which there is interference with the normal transmission of electric impulse from the SA node to the Purkinje fibres
regurgitation back flow or ejecting of contents through an opening
calcium blockers block movement of calcium into myocardial cells and arterial walls, causing heart rate and blood pressure to decrease
beta blockers block the effects of adrenaline on beta receptors, which slow nerve pulses that pass through the heart, thereby causing a decrease heart rate
(DVT) deep vein thrombosis blood clot that forms in the deep veins of the body, especially those in the legs or thighs; also deep venous thrombosis
cardiac enzyme studies blood test that measures the presence and amount of cardiac enzyme in the blood including troponin T, troponin I and creatine kinase
left ventricle chamber which pumps oxygenated blood from the lungs
sphincter circular muscle found in a tubular structure or hollow organ that constricts or dilates to regulate passage of substances through its opening.
embolism condition which a mass (blood clot) becomes lodged in a blood vessel, obstructing blood flow
varicose vein condition which develops when the valves of the veins are damaged. Characterized by enlarged veins and edema of the surrounding tissues
cardioversion defibrillation technique using low energy shocks to treat an arrhythmia and is usually synchronized with the large R waves of the ECG complex to restore normal heart rhythm
thrombolysis destruction of a blood clot using anticlotting agents called clot-busters, such as tissue plasminogen activator
nitrates dilate blood vessels of the heart, causing an increase in the amount of oxygen delivered to the myocardium, and decrease venous return and arterial resistance, which decreases myocardial oxygen demand and relieves angina
cardio myopathy disease or weakening of heart muscle tat diminishes cardiac function
stress test ECG taken under controlled exercise stress conditions
halter monitor test ECG taken with a small, portable recording system capable of storing up to 48 hours of ECG tracings. AKA Event Monitor Test
defibrillation electrical shock delivered randomly during the cardiac cycle to treat emergency life threatening arrhythmias
(HTN)hypertension elevated blood pressure persistently higher than 140/90 mm Hg
cardiomegaly enlarged heart
hyperlipidema excessive amounts of lipids in the blood
(CHF)congestive heart failure failure of the heart to pump adequate amount of blood to the tissues and organ
pericardium fibrous sac which encloses the heart
leaflet flat, leaf shaped structure that comprise the valves of the heart and prevents backflow of blood
atherosclerosis form of arteriosclerosis characterized by depots of plaque containing cholesterol and lipids that narrows the lumen in the arteries
arteriosclerosis hardening and narrowing of any artery along with loss of elasticity
Ultrasound high-frequency sound waves are directed at soft tissue and reflected as echoes to produce an image of an internal structure. AKA sonogram or echo
conductive tissue highly specialized cardiac tissue which initiates and continues contraction impulses
(AICD) automatic implantable cardioverter-defibrilator implantation of a battery powered device that monitors and automatically corrects ventricular tachycardia of fibrillation via electrical impulses to the heart
ischemia local temporary deficiency of blood supply t an organ or tissue due to circulatory obstruction
valvotomy incision of the valve to increase the size of the opening-treat mitral stenosis
thrombophlebitis inflammation of the vein wall which may cause clots to form
hypotension low blood pressure, persistently lower than 90/60 mm Hg
ACE inhibitors aka angiotensin-converting enzyme lower blood pressure by inhibiting the conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II
statins lowers cholesterol in blood and reduces its production in the liver by blocking enzyme it produces
SPECT single-photon emission computed tomography MUGA scan of the heart in which the gamma camera moves in a circle around patient to create individual images slices of the heart
myocardium muscular layer of the heart
coarctation narrowing of a vessel, especially the aorta
carotid artery disease narrowing of the carotid arteries, usually caused by atherosclerosis-may eventually lead to thrombus formation or stroke
vasoconstriction narrowing of the lumen of a blood vessel that limits blood flow, usually result disease, medications or physiological process
(MRI)magnetic resonance imaging noninvasive technique that uses radio waves and a strong magnetic field, rather than a xray beam to produce detailed multiplaner cross sectional views of soft tissues
(MUGA)multiple-gated acquisition scan nuclear procedure that uses radioactive tracers to detect how well the heart walls move as they contract and calculates the ejection fraction rate
syncope partial or complete loss of consciousness aka fainting
(CC) cardiac catheterization passage of catheter into the heart through vein or artery
stent placement placement of mesh tube inserted into a natural passage or conduit in the body to prevent or counteract a disease-induced localized flow constriction
(CABG)coronary artery bypass graft placement of a vessel graft from another part of the body to bypass blocked part of a coronary artery and restore blood supply to the heart muscle
antiarrhythmics prevent, alleviate or correct cardiac arrhythmias by stabilizing the electrical conduction of the heart
pulmonic valve prevents backflow of blood into the right ventricle
(ECG,EEG) electrocardiogram procedure that graphically records the spread of electrical excitation to different parts of the heart using small metal electrodes applied to arms, legs and chest
(EPS) electrophysiology studies procedure used to determine the cause of life threatening cardiac arrhythmias by mapping the heart's conduction system
laser ablation procedure used to remove or treat varicose veins
angiography radiographic image of the inside of a blood vessel after injection of a contrast medium aka arteriography
venography radiography of vein after injection of a contrast medium
vasodilators reduce blood pressure by relaxing the smooth muscle in the blood vessels, particularly in large arteries, arterioles, and large veins
arterial biopsy removal of segment of an arterial vessel wall to confirm inflammation of the wall or arteritis ( a type of vasculitis)
(BX) biopsy removal of tissue for examination
embolectomy removal of an embolus
endarterectomy removal of fatty plaque from interior of an occuled vessel using specially designed catheter fitted with a cutting or grinding device
palpitation sensation of an irregular heartbeat, commonly described as pounding, racing, skipping a beat or flutter
lipid panel series of blood tests to assess risk of ischemic heart disease
congenital septal defect small hole(s) within the atrial or ventricular septums, which are present at birth
bruite soft blowing sound heard on auscultation associated valvular action or with movement of blood as it passes an obstruction
cardiac MRI specialized MRI that provides information on both static and moving mages of the heart including flow velocity
bundle of His specialized muscle fibers in the wall of the heart between ventricles. That carry the electric impulses to ventricles
viscosity state of being stick or gummy. Can also apply to thickness.
(MVP) mitral valve prolapse structural defect in which the mitral valve leaflets prolapse into the left atrium during ventricular contraction, resulting in incomplete closer of valve and backflow of blood
open heart surgery surgical procedure performed on or within the exposed heart usually with the assistance of a heart lung machine
commissurotomy surgical separation of the leaflets of the mitral valve, which have fused together at their points of contact
(CV) cardiovascular system system composed of the heart, blood vessels and their functions within they body
nuclear perfusion study test used in conjunction with a stress test to detect the presence of coronary artery disease
cardiac ablation treatment for cardiac arrhythmias usually performed under fluoroscopic guidance
lumen tubular space or channel within any artery, vein, intestine or tube
Doppler ultrasonography used to access blood flow through blood vessels and the heart
vasodilation widening of the lumen of a blood vessel caused by the relaxing of the muscles of the vascular wall.
(MRA) magnetic resonance agniogram type of MRI scan that uses magnet field and radio waves to provide detailed images of blood vessels
ECHO ultrasound that is used to visualize internal cardiac structure of the heart and access cardio output
Created by: amatt