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HLTH ch.13

reproduction and sexually transmitted diseases

conception union of sperm and egg
zygote product of fertilization
embryo beginning of the third week of a developing offspring; the placenta is formed at this stage of development
what are the two embryonic membranes? amnion and chorion
fetus after the eighth week of an embryo
progesterone maintains uterus during pregnancy
afterbirth amnion and chorion, shed shortly after birth
pregnancy process of growth and development from conception to birth
parturition the birth of a baby
gestation another name for pregnancy
quickening first recognizable movements of the fetus
abortion termination of pregnancy BEFORE the fetus is capable of surviving outside the uterus
gravid pregnancy
parity number of previous successful live births
gravida pregnant female
para indicate the number of pregnancies carried for more than 20 weeks gestation
par/ous general term that refers to having borne one or more offspring
-para female who has given birth
aminorrhexis water break; rupture of the amnion
labor process of child being expelled form the uterus
effacement shortening and thinning of the cervix during labor
antepartum before birth
neo/natal specific term that refers to the period covering the first 28 days after birth
feto/scope stethoscope for assessing the fetal heart rate through the mothers abdomen
pelvimetry vaginal palpation of bony landmarks; used to estimate size of birth canal
-cyesis pregnancy
pre/eclampsia onset of acute high blood pressure after the 24 week of gestation
abruptio placentae premature separation of the placenta from the uterine wall after 20 weeks +
placenta previa placenta implanted abnormally in the uterus so that it impinges on or covers the internal os
internal os opening at the upper end of the uterine cervix
dystocia abnormal of difficult labor
amino/tomy deliberate rupture of the fetal membranes to induce labor
oxytocin hormone produced by the pituitary gland; STIMULATES uterine contraction
episio/tomy incision is made in the perineum to enlarge the vaginal opening for delivery
postcoital contraceptive pill that has to be taken within 72 hours after unprotected sex
coitus interruptus withdrawal of the penis before ejaculation
coitus sexual intercorse
diaphragm with spermicide soft rubber cup that covers the uterine cervix to prevent sperm from entering
vaso/vasostomy reverse vasectomy; rejoining of cut ends of the testes to restore function of vas deferens
tubal ligation reversal is often referred to as tubal anastomosis, interrupting the uterine tubes
STD's where formally called venereal diseases
culturing growing bacteria
syphillis swollen lymph nodes and appearance of painless sore CHANCRE
spirochete causes syphilis
VDRL or Plasma reagin RPR test test for syphilis
gummas soft rubbery tumors; develops in the third stage of syphilis
chlamydial infection, clamyd/iosis treatable bacterial disease, most common std in the U.S.
chancroid std caused by bacterium; ulceration of the genitals
what are the 4 general types of viral STDs? acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), genital herpes, genital warts, and hepatitis
hepatitis B is transmitted by sexual contact and blood products
hepatitis C is transmitted by blood products
hepatitis D only occurs in patients who are who are infected with hepatitis
Candidia albicans is also called monilia; bacteria that causes candid/iasis which is a fungal infection
a gram stain negative intracellular diplococci gonorreha
chanchroid std, painful ulcer
susceptible to karposi sarcome aids
viral hepatitis inflammatory condition of the liver
Created by: btuehara