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HLTH ch.12

Reproductive system

vestibule any space or cavity at the entrance to a canal
perineurm area between the vaginal opening and the anus
fimbriae fingerlike projections of the fallopian tube
metro uterus
cervico neck; uterine cervix
colpo vagina
metro measure; uterine tissue
oophoro ovary
salpingo fallopian tube
-an belonging to or pertaining to
-ile belonging to or pertaining to
laparo abdominal wall
meno month
oo ovum egg
topo place or position
-tropin that which stimulates
graafian follicle small ovarian recess or pit that contains fluid and surrounds an ovum
-genesis producing or forming, origin or beginning
pap smear papanicolaou smear or test. Collection and examination of the cells of vagina and cervix
rapid plasma reagin test blood test to detect and monitor syphilis
human chorionic gonadotropin present in body fluids of pregnant females
hystero/scopy DIRECT visual inspection of the cervical canal and uterine cavity using an endoscope
amenorrhea absence of menstruation due to underdevelopment of the reproductive organs or hormonal disturbances
menorrhea normal menstruation; sometimes too profuse menstruation
menorrhagia heavy or long menstrual periods
mittelschmerz abdominal pain in the region of an ovary during ovulation
colpitits vaginitis, colpo- means vagina
-iasis condition
polycystic ovary syndrome hormonal disturbance by an ovulation, amenorrhea, and infertility
pap test used to detect cervical cancer
fistula abnormal opening
ante/version forward displacement of the body of the uterus toward the pubis. Uterus tipped forward
retro/version uterus is tipped backward
retroflexion bending backward of the uterus
tubal ligation sterilization procedure, both uterine tubes are constricted, severed, or crushed to prevent conception
curet surgical instrument shaped like a spoon or scoop, used for scraping and removal of material from the endometrium
endometrial ablation destruction of the outer layer of the endometrium
condyloma acuminatum genital warts
balano glans penis
orchio, orchido testicle
vaso vessel; ductus deferens
-ile pertaining to
copulation AKA coitus. Sexual union between male and female
interstitial cells of Leydig produce testosterone
chancre lesion that indicates first stage syphilis
VDRL, RPR tests blood test to detect and monitor syphilis
prostate-specific antigen blood test used to screen for prostatic cancer. Elevated levels of PSA are associated with prostate cancer
crypt/orchid/ism failure of testes to descend into the scrotum. crypto "hidden"
testicular torsion twisting of the testes
hydro/cele mass filled with straw colored fluids
spermato/cele mass that contains sperm. Develops on the epididymis
phimosis occurs when the prepuce is constricted at the opening so that it cant be retracted back over the glans penis. Caused by inflammation or edema
orchio/pexy corrective surgery for cryptorchidism
cryptorchidism absence of testes from the scrotum
transurethral resection prostatectomy TURP Aka transurethral resection. Small pieces of enlarged prostate are excised
transurethral needle ablation TUNA uses low-level radio frequency energy
ablation removal or excision of a growth on any part of the body
leiomyoma most common benign tumor occurring within the uterus
uterine fibroid aka leiomyoma, most common benign tumor in the uterus
prepus fold of skin that forms a retractable cover
bartholin glands produce mucus like secretion for lubrication during sexual intercourse
varico twisted and swollen
Created by: btuehara