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medical terminology

prefix

TermDefinitionexample
a- an- without, not apnea-without breathing anydrous-without water
ab- away from abnormality-away from normal
ad- towrad, to near adduction-toward the center
ambi- both ambidextrous-use of both hands
ante- pre- pro- before antepartum-before labor or childbirth prenatal-before birth procephalic-anterior part (before) of the head
anti- contra- against; opposed to antibiotic-against bacteria contraindication-opposed to a certain treatment
auto- self autoimmune-immunity to self
bi- di- two; both bilateral-both sides didactylism-condition of two digits on a hand or foot
bio- life biology-study of life
brady- slow bradycardia-slow heart rate
circum- peri- around; circular movement circumorbital-around the orbit (eye) pericardium-around the heart
con- sym- syn- with or together consanguineous-with blood (common ancestry) symbiotic-with life synergy-with energy
de- not; from; down decalcify-removal of calcium
dia- trans- across or through diathermy-through heat transurethral-across the urethra
dis- apart; separate disease-separate from ease
dys- faulty; painful; difficult dysuria-painful urination
ecto- exo- extra- outside ectoderm-outer layer of skin exothermic-release of heat extracellular-outside the cell
en- endo- intra- inside; within enclosed- contained within endocardium-innermost layer (lining)of the heart intra-abdominal-within the abdomen
epi- upon epigastric-upon (above) the stomach
eu- normal or good eupnea-normal breathing
hemi- semi- half hemicardia-half of the heart (right or left) semilunar-half moon
hyper- above or excessive; extreme hyperkalemia-excess potassium (in the blood)
hypo- infra- sub- deficient; below under; below hypoglycemia-low blood sugar inframammary- below the breast subdural- below the dura mater
inter- between intercellular-between cells
mal- bad malaise-bad comfort; discomfort
meso- middle mesophlebiitis-inflammation of the middle layer of the wall of a vein
meta- beyond;after; change metastasis-extension of disease from one part of the to another
micro- small microcardia-small heart
mono- uni- one mononuclear-one nucleus unilateral- one side
neo- new neonatal-new birth
pachy- thick pachyderma-thick skin
pan- all panimmunity-immune to all diseases
para- abnormal; alongside; beside paracystic-alongside the bladder
per- through percutaneous-through the skin
poly- multi- many polycythemia-many red blood cells multidisciplinary- many areas of study
post- after postmortem- after death
quadri- tetra- four quadriplegic- paralysis of all four limbs tetradactylism- condition of only four digits on a hand or foot
re- again or back resorb- absorb again
retro- backward or behind retroflexion- backward bending
sub- uber, below subvaginal-below the vagina
super- above or excessive superficial-near the surface
supra- outside or beyond suprascleral-outside the sclera
tachy- fast tachycardia-rapid heart rate
tri- three trigeminy-three abnormal heartbeats
ultra- beyond, excessive ultrasonic- excessive sound
e- ec- ex- out;away efferent-conduction away from ectomorphic-away from form excrete-separate, cast out
Created by: lala87