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Medical Terminology

Root Words,Prefix, Suffix

Root word/ Prefix/ Suffix TermDefinition
Root Word Main Core/ Foundation of the medical term
Combining Vowel A letter that is added between word parts
Suffix Must be added to a word root/ Always placed after the root word/ending of the term
Prefix Comes before the root and begins the term
abdomin/o abdomen
angi/o vessel
bacteri/o bacteria
bi/o life
carcin/o cancer; cancerous
cardi/o heart
cephal/o head
cyst/o cyst or sac conteining fluid
cyt/o cell
electr/0 electricity
enter/o intestines
fibrin/o fiber
gnath/o jaw
gynec/o woman, female
hem/o blood
hemat/o blood
hepat/o liver
irid/o iris
kerat/o keratin/a protein
lip/o fat
mast/o breast
necr/o death
nephr/o kidney
onc/o tumor
path/o disease
pelv/o pelvic
radi/o x-rays(radiation)
ren/o renal/kidney
sarc/o flesh
sial/o saliva/salivary glands
thromb/o clot
trache/o trachea
uter/o uterus
a- an- without, not apnea- without breathing
ab- away from // abnormal-away from normal
ad- toward, to,near // adduction-toward the center
ambi- both
ante- pre- pro- before // antepartal- before labor or childbirth prenatal-before birth
anti- against;opposed to antibiotic-against bacteria(life?)
auto- self autoimmune-immunity to self
bi- di- two;both bilateral-both sides
bio- life biology-study of life
brady- slow bradycardia-slow heart rate
circum- peri- around;circular movement / circumorbital-around the orbit(eye) pericardium-around heart
con- sym- syn with or together symbiotic- with life synergy-with energy
de- not;from;down decalcify-removal of calcium
dia- trans- across or through
dis- apart; separate // disease- separate from ease
dys- foulty;painful;difficult dysuria-painful urinating
e- ec- ex- out;away
ecto- exo- extra- outside // ectoderm-outer layer of skin exotermic-release of heat
en- endo- intra- inside; within enclosed-containd inside endocardium-inner layer of the heart intra abdominal-within abdomen
epi- upon epigastric-upon the stomach
eu- normal, good // eupnea-normal breathing
hemi- semi- half hemicardia-half of heart semilunar-half moon
hyper- above;excessive;extreme hyperkalemia-excess potasium
hypo- infra- sub- below;deficient hypoglicemia-low blood sugar subdural-below dura mater
inter- between // intercellular- between cells
mal- bad // malfunction- bad function
meso- middle
meta- beyond; after; change matastasis-extension of diseasefrom one part of the body to another
micro- small microcardia-small heart
mono- uni- one// mononuclear- one nucleus
neo- new neonatal-new bith
pachy- thick// pachyderma-thick skin
pan- all // panimmunity-immune to all diseases
para- abnormal;alongside;beside Paranormal-abnormal
poly- multi- many / polycythemia-many red blood cells multidisciplinary- many areas of study
per- through // percutaneous-through skin
post- after // postmortem- after death
quadri- tetra- four quadriplegic tetradactulism
re- again or back // resorb-absorb again
retro- backward or behind retroflexion-backward bending
sub- under;below subvaginal-below vagina
super- above or excessive superficial-near the surface
supra- outside or beyond
tachy- fast tachycardia-fast heart beat
tri- three trigeminy-three abnormal heart beat
ultra- beyond;excessive // ultrasonic-excessive sound
-ac -eal -tic -al -ic -ar -ose -ry -ous pertaining to // hemophiliac/ temporal/ /sensory/ gastric/ adipose/ esophageal
-blast immature / osteoblast-immature bone cell
-cyte cell osteocyte-bone cell
-e noun marker(that word is a noun) melanocyte-pigment producing skin cell
-gram record cardiogram -record of heart activity
-graph instrument for recording cardiograph instrument to record heart activity
-graphy process of recording cardiography
-meter instrument for measuring
-metry process of measuring
-iatric treatment / psychiartric-treatment of the pscyhe
-iatry -logy study of psyhiatry/ urology
-logist one who specializes in the study or treatment cardiologist
-icle -ole -ule -ula small // ventricle/arteriole/macula/ pustule-small lesion
-ium -eum tissue or structure // periosteum-structure surrounding the bone
-ize -ate make;use;subject to anestetize-subject to anestezia impregnate-make pregnant
-or one who, / medicator-one who gives medicine
-poiesis formation// erythropoiesis-formation of red blood cells
-scope instrument for examining cytoscope
-scopy examination
-stasis stop or stand hemostasis-stop bleading
-algia -dynia pain myalgia-muscle pain
-cele pouch,sack or hernia cystocele-hernia of the bladder
-emesis vomit
-emia condition of blood,/ anemia-low iron in blood
-form -oid like or resembling osteoid-resembling bone
-genic -genesis beginning,origin of production,/ pyogenic-production of pus pathogenesis-origin of disease
-ia -ism condition of / dysuria; asthigmatism
-iasis formation;presence of psoriasis
-itis inflammation
-lysis breaking down hemolysis- breaking down of blood
-malacia softening
-magaly enlargement
-oma tumor
-osis condition
-penia abnormal reduction; lack of leucocytopenia-abnormal re4duction of red blood cells
-phage -phagia -phagy eat;devour aerophagy-swaollowing air
-phile -philia attraction for; love for pedophile; hemophilia-attraction for blood
-phobia fear of
-plasia formation / displasia-wrong formation
-pnea breathing apnea-without brathing
-ptosis drooping; falling or downward displacement mastoptosis-drooping breast
-rrhage -rrhagia -rrhagic to burst forth // hemorrhage-burst fort of blood hemorrhagia-condition of bleeding
-rrhea discharge or flow
-rrexis rupture or breaking
-spasm involuntary contraction
-trophy development
-y condition or process of ambulatory-proces of walking
-centesis puncture to remove fluid abdominocentesis
-desis binding
-ectomy surgical removal mastectomy
-pexy surgical fixation
-plasty surgical repair or reconstraction
-rrhaphy suture
-stomy surgical creation of artifical opening colostomy-in the colon
-tomy incision / tracheotomy
-tripsy crushing / lithotripsy-crashing of stones
apex-singular apices-plural
appendix-sing. appendices-plur.
bacterium-sing. bacteria-plur.
cardiopathy-sing. cardiophaties-plur.
diagnosis-sing. diagnoses-plur.
fungus-sing. fungi-plur.
thorax-sing. thoraces-plur.
Created by: marijana