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Medical Terminology

White Module - OSHA & Vitals

TermDefinition
acrotism absence of a pulse
afebrile without fever
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) disease caused by HIV
anoxia without oxygen
antisepsis applying substances that render microorganisms harmless
apical pulse pulse located at the 5th intercostal space, left of the sternum, at the apex of the heart
asymptomatic carrier an infected person showing no signs or symptoms of infection
auscultation to listen to body sounds with a stethoscope
autoclave a steam sterilizer that renders all items sterile
axillary pertaining to the armpit area
bloodborne pathogens microorganisms in the blood that can cause disease; HIV, syphilis, hepatitis, malaria
brachial pulse pulse located at the inner aspect of the antecubital fossa (inner elbow)
bradycardia slow heart rate, less than 60 bpm
bradypnea slow breathing
bounding pulse a pulse which is hard & feels as though it's coming through the skin
calibrate to balance
cardiovascular pertaining to the heart, blood, & vessels
carotid pulse pulse located in the neck
Centers for Disease Control (CDC) a US organization responsible for the detection & control of the spread of infectious diseases
Cheyne Stokes breathing pattern characterized by slow, shallow breaths that increase in depth & frequency, followed by short periods of apnea
cyanosis bluish discoloration of skin and/or mucous membranes from a lack of oxygen
dorsalis pedis pulse pulse felt at the top of the foot
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) serves as the public's advocate for a clean environment
essential hypertension high blood pressure from an unknown reason
eupnea normal breathing
exhalation breathing out
expiration the process of exhalation
Food & Drug Administration (FDA) responsible for protecting the public from impure & unsafe food, drugs, cosmetics, and other potential hazards
femoral pulse pulse felt in the groin
hepatitis inflammation of the liver from a virus
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Type 1 a virus that may lead to AIDS
hyperpnea increased depth & rate of breathing
hyperventilation increased depth & rate of breathing, associated with emotional anxiety or stress
inhalation breathing in
isopropyl alcohol 70% alcohol used to disinfect skin or some instruments
Korotkoff sounds 5 phases of sounds heard when taking blood pressure
mercury toxic material used in some measuring devices
non-pathogenic microorganism that does not cause disease
nosocomial infection infection acquired in the hospital that is unrelated to the primary condition
Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA) develops & monitors workplace safety & health standards
pathogenic microorganism that DOES cause disease; virus, bacteria
popliteal pulse pulse felt at the back of the knee
pulse rate number of beats per minute (BPM)
pulse rhythm regularity of time between each beat
pulse volume strength of the heart beat
radial pulse pulse felt at the base of the thumb
rales abnormal crackling sound heard during respiration
respiration breathing in & out one time
rhonchi wheezing sound heard when the airway is obstructed
secondary hypertension high blood pressure caused by another condition
sphygmomanometer instrument used to measure blood pressure
stertorous snoring sound occurring during inspiration
stethoscope instrument used to auscultate body sounds
sublingual under the tongue
tachycardia fast heart rate - greater than 100 bpm
tachypnea fast breathing
temporal pulse pulse felt at the temples
thread pulse a weak pulse that is scarcely palpable
universal precautions guidelines used to prevent the spread of disease (hand washing, gloves, masks)
World Health Organization (WHO) an international organization responsible for the detection & control of the spread of infectious diseases
Created by: ginaliane