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Chapter 5

The Human Body: An Oreintation

QuestionAnswer
abdominal cavity is the space between the abdominal walls, above the pelvis, and below the diaphragm
Body cavity spaces that hold organs
cardiovascular system Body system that includes the heart and blood vessels; circulatory system.
connective tissue Fibrous substance that forms the body’s supportive framework
anterior/ventral At or toward the front of the body
Cell the entire body is made of
blood system Body system that includes blood and all its component parts
coronal plane it divides the body into the anterior and posterior positions also known as frontal plane
cranial cavity Space in the head that contains the brain
deep Away from the surface
diaphragm Muscle that divides the abdominal and thoracic cavities
digestive system Body system that includes all organs of digestion and waste excretion
distal Away from the point of attachment to the trunk
dorsal cavity is on the back side of the body and contains the cranial and spinal cavities
endocrine system Body system that includes glands which secrete hormones to regulate certain body functions
epigastic region Area of the body immediately above the stomach.
epithelial tissue Tissue that covers or lines the body or its parts
frontal plane Imaginary line that divides the body into anterior and posterior positions
hypochondriac regions Left and right regions of the body just below the cartilage of the ribs and immediately above the abdomen.
hypogastric region Area of the body just below the umbilical region
iliac/inguinal regions Left and right regions of the body near the upper portion of the hip bone
Inferior Below another body structure
integumentary system Body system that includes skin, hair, and nails
lateral plane is parallel to the medial plane and divides the body into left and right sections
left lower quadrant (LLQ) Quadrant on the lower left anterior side of the body
left upper quadrant Quadrant on the upper left anterior side of the body
lumbar region the left and right regions of the body in the back and sides between the lowest ribs and the pelvis
lymphatic/immune system body system that includes the lymph, glands of the lymphatic system, lymphatic vessels, and the specific and nonspecific defenses of the immune system
medial At or near the middle of the body
midsagittal plane Imaginary line that divides the body into equal left and right halves
muscle tissue Tissue that is able to expand and contract
musculoskeletal system Body system that includes muscles, bones, and cartilage
Nerve Bundle of neurons that bear electrical messages to the organs and muscles of the body
nervous system Body system that includes the brain, spinal cord, and nerves, and controls most body functions by sending and receiving messages
nervous tissue Specialized tissue that forms nerve cells and is capable of transmitting messages
Organ groups of tissue that work together to perform a specific function
pelvic cavity The body space below the abdominal cavity that includes the reproductive organs
posterior cavity At or toward the back of the body
posterior/dorsal At or toward the back of the body
prone Lying on the stomach with the face down
proximal At or near the point of attachment to the trunk
reproductive system Either the male or female body system that controls reproduction
respiratory system Body system that includes the lungs and airways and performs breathing
right lower quadrant (RLQ) Quadrant on the lower right anterior side of the body
right upper quadrant (RUQ) Quadrant on the upper right anterior side of the body
sagittal/lateral plane Imaginary line that divides the body into right and left portions
sensory system Body system that includes the eyes and ears and those parts of other systems involved in the reactions of the five senses
spinal cavity Body space that contains the spinal cord
superficial At or near the surface
superior Above another body structure
supine Lying on the spine facing upward
system Any group of organs and ancillary parts that work together to perform a major body function
thoracic cavity The body space above the abdominal cavity that contains the heart, lungs, and major blood vessels
tissue Any group of cells that work together to perform a single function
transverse plane Imaginary line that intersects the body horizontally
umbilical regoin Area of the body surrounding the umbilicus
urinary system Body system that includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra
ventral cavity is in the front of the body and contains the thoracic, abdominal, and pelvic cavities
Created by: vtcowgirl71