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masculoskeleton

chapter 14

TermDefinition
inter- between
epi- above
hyper- above, excessive
bi- two
co- together
hetero- different
pre- before
quadri- four
sub- below
in- into, without
a- into, without
dis- apart, away from
-malacia abnormal softness
-is condition
-ar pertaining to
-al pertaining to
-ectomy surgical removal of
-ic pertaining to
-ism condition
-itis inflammation
-otomy surgically cut into
-scopy visual examination
-oid resembling
-iatrist one who treats
A.C.L anterior cruciate ligament
D.O doctor of osteopathy
T.M.J temporomandibular joint
SI sacroiliac
DJD Degenerative joint disease
BMD bone mineral density
RA rheumatoid arthritis
PT physiotherapy
NSAID non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug
OA osteoarthritis
DMD duchenne muscular dystrophy
THR total hip replacement
kyphosis Thoracic curve of the spine
arthrocentesis removal of fluid from a joint
lordosis forward curvature of the spine
scapula shoulder blade
sacrum part of the pelvis
arthophy wasting away of tissue, organ, or body part
polymyalgia pain in multiple muscle groups
necrosis death of tissue or cells
hypertrophy increase in size but not number of an individual tissue
fibromyalgia pain in muscle fibers
cranium upper part of the skull that protects the brain
clavical collarbone
carpal pertaining to the wrist
humerus long bone in the upper arm
gluteus muscle in the butt
femur thigh
dislocation the state of being completely out of joint
patella knee cap
scoliousis lateral curvature of the spine
Sprain wrench or tear in a ligament
strain overstretching or tearing of a tendon
tendinitis/ tendonitis inflammation of a tendon
ulna the medical and large bone of the forearm
thorax singular chest
dislocation that state of being completely out of joint
peristeum fibrous membrane covering the bone
marrow fatty blood forming tissue in the cavities of long bones
trochanter one of two boney prominence near the head of the femur
avulsion forceful separation or tearing away, usually tendon from bone
osteomalacia soft, flexible bones lacking in calcium and vitamin D, aka Rickets
osteoblast cells bone forming cells
condyle large end of the bone that forms a joint with another bone
sublaxtion being partially out of joint
osteoporosis condition in which bones become porous, brittle and fragile, making them more likely to fracture
close fracture bone is broken, the skin is not
Reduction the restoration of a structure to its normal position
green-stick fracture fracture when one side of the bone is partially broken and the other is bent; most common in children
closed fracture bone is broken,the skin is not
synovial relation to synovial fluid and synovial membrane
osteoarthritis chronic inflammatory diseases of the joints with pain and loss of function
myasthenia gravis fluctuationg muscle weakness
fascia sheet of fibrosis connective tissue
autograft a graft using tissue taken from the person getting the graft
acromion located in shoulder
zygomatic bones bones in the cheek
triceps brachii arm muscle
radius fore arm bone
talus located in the ankle joint
acetabulum cup shaped joint in the hip
components of the skeletal system bones, ligaments, cartilage, tendons
where do the muscles that support the hip joint and move the thigh originate from? pelvic girdle
what role does the patella serve? provide an increase of 30% strength
functions of the skeletal system support, function, protection, movement, blood formation
factors that affect bone growth genes, nutrition, exercise, miner diposition, mineral resorption, vitamins, hormones
steps of bone healing 1.bleeding 2.new bone-callus 3. newer bone-cancellous 4.compact bone
example of cartilaginous joints? meniscus
common disorders of the wrist gangloin cysts, stenosing tenosynoitis, carpal tunnel, colles fracture
functions of skeletal muscle movement, posture, body heat, respiration, communication
muscles used in mastication masseter, temparalis, medical pterygoid, lateral pterygoid, buccinater
common disorders of he skeletal muscles fibromyalgia, muscle soreness, muscular dystrophy, rhabdomyolysis, muscle cramps, myathenia gravis
functions of the pelvic girdle supports axial skeleton transfers body weight provides attachments for lower limbs protects internal reproductive organs
how are bones classified? by shape, long, short, flat, irregular
when the body is prone what position is it in? laying face down, flat on your belly
what is the non-medical term for the clavicle? collarbone
what is the non-medical term for the femur? thigh
what is the medical term from the long bone in the upper arm? humerous
what is the frequent cause of flexor tendon injuries? lacerations
in what part of the body do joints that have structures between them occur? the skull
what is the most common ligament injured in the knee? why? ACL caused by sudden hyperflexion
how many bones are in the vertebral column? 26 bones
what organs does the axial skeleton protect? lungs, heart, brain, spinal cord
what causes carpal tunnel syndrome? caused by swelling of the tendon sheaths from overuse or repetitive movement
Created by: elms.2012