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Nervous System

Nervous System Review Short Answers

List the 3 major structures of neurons. cell body dendrites axons
Which section of the cerebrum can only be seen on dissection? Insula
What are the 4 main structures of the brain? cerebrum brainstem cerebellum diepcephalon
What are the 4 main types of neuroglia? astrocytes oligodendrocytes microglia ependyma
What is the function of the hypothalamus? Regulates involuntary activities of the ANS.
Describe the spinal cord. Transmits sensory impulses Composed of inner gray/outer white (myelin sheath) Located inside the spinal cavity.
What are the two types of nerve cells found in the CNS? neurons neuroglia (nerve glue)
What are 3 types of neurosis? hysteria phobia obsessive-compulsive disorder
What does the CNS consist of? The brain and the spinal cord.
What is Alzheimer's disease? Progressive neurological disorder that causes memory loss and serious mental deterioration.
What is CSF? Cerebrospinal fluid, colourless, shock absorbing fluid that circulates around the brain and spinal cord.
What is Parkinson's disease? aka Shaking palsy. Progressive neurological disorder affecting the portion of the brain responsible for controlling movement.
What is the brainstem composed of? midbrain medulla pons "bridge"
What is the function of the pons? Acts as a bridge connecting the midbrain to the medulla.
What is the function of the thalamus? Receives all sensory stimuli except olfactory.(smell)
Created by: Barbara Ross
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