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Nervous System

Nervous System Review Reverse Definitions

QuestionAnswer
epilepsy A disorder chatacterized by seizures.
coma Abnormal, deep unconsciousness.
microephaly Abnormally small head.
anorexia nervosa All-consuming desire to remain thin.
bulimia nervosa Binging and purging.
concussion Brain injury causing transient loss of consciousness.
ventricles Cavity of an organ.
trephination Circular opening made in the skull to reliee ICP
somatic nervous system Conveys impulses for voluntary functions.
autonomic nervous system Conveys impulses to glands, smooth muscles and cardiac muscles.
hypnotics Depress CNS functions to induce sleep.
multiple sclerosis Disease of the myelin sheath.
myelopathy Disease of the spinal cord.
cerebrum Functions include sensory perception and interpretation, muscular movement and emotional aspects of behavior and memory.
agnosia Inability to comprehend auditory, visual, spatial, olfactory and other sesations.
catatonic Inability to move or talk.
aphasia Inability to speak.
craniotomy Incision into the skull.
peripheral nervous system Includes all nervous tissue of the body found outside the CNS.
encephalitis Inflammation of the brain.
pia mater Innermost membrane of the brain and spinal cord.
tremor Involuntary tremble or shake.
tics Involuntary, spasmodic muscular contractions.
ataxia Lack of muscle coordination.
lethargy Lack of response; sluggishness.
psychosis Major emotional disorder.
nerve conduction velocity Measure the speed impulses travel through a nerve.
arachnoid membrane Middle layer covering the brain and spinal cord.
efferent nerves Moves away from a central structure.
afferent nerves Moves toward a central structure.
lumbar puncture Needle puncture of the spinal cavity.
central nervous system Network of nervous tissue found in the brain and spinal cord.
neurosis Nonpsychotic mental illness.
idiopathic Occurring without a known cause.
dura mater Outermost layer covering the brain and spinal cord.
myelalgia Pain in the spinal cord.
herpes Zoster Painful, acute infectious disease; aka shingles.
dystrophy Poor development.
aura Premonitory awareness of an approaching physical or mental disorder.
anestetics Produce a loss of sensation.
anxiety Psychological "worry" disorder.
electroencephalography Records electrical activity of brain patterns.
cerebellum Refines muscular movement; aids in equilibrium.
analgesics Relieves pain.
convulsion Sudden and violent contraction of the muscles.
neuron The functional cell of the nervous system.
meninges Three membranes that cover and protect the brain and spinal cord.
neurotransmitters Transmits impulses across synapses.
asthenia Weakness or debility.
myelin sheath White fat-like sheath.
Created by: Barbara Ross
 

 



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