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SS8 Ch 2 Definitions

Eartly Middle Ages

# F's Faith. Fief and fealty
Manor where the Lord lives. He has the right to profit from this land which has farming lands, woodlands,m common pastures, and at least one village.He has serfs and freeholders work the land. The manor is almost completely self sufficient.
Lord of the Manor Is the tenant of the Noble who has the right to run a manor and profit from it.
Freeholder is a person who works on the manor but owns his or her own land
Serf someone who works on the manor but does not own their land
Troubadours travelling singers
3 field system 3 fields to grow crops,1 field is left fallow with nothing growing in it, the others have crops but then they are rotated every year to allow them to recover the nutrients from the crops growing and depleting the soil.
The law Like in Canada people could be sued or prosecuted and there was a judge and jury. However they also tried rats, toads and insects.
3 Courts Royal, Court, Manor Court, and the Church
Royal Court deals with serious crimes example murder, treason and rape.The sentence is death. The judge is the King
Manor Court deals with minor disputes and petty criminals that happen on the manor such as assault, public drunkenness and petty theft. The sentence is a fine The Lord of the Manor or the Steward is the Judge.
The Church Court deals with any crime that was committed by/or against the church. The sentences are lighter...no death. The judge was the Pope.
Trial by Ordeal Came in several varieties a person might have to swallow poison, pull an object from boiling oil or walk over 9 red hot plows. The idea is that if the wounds became infected and they died, they were guilty
Trial by Battle Two Nobles will fight often until one died, the winner was considered innocent. Only Nobles were allowed to do this, not commoners.
Crusades They were the wars where the Christians of Europe fought against the Muslims for control of the Holy land around Israel. There were 8 total Crusades
The effects of the Crusades(economics) brought back many new products to trade such as silk, silk worms, spices, and new types of fruit. The idea of trade opened up the economy and improved the standard of living.
Magna Carta A charter written by King John of England to respect the rights of the English people. This ensured that taxes could not be taken with out consent and every person was guaranteed a proper trial. This is now part of Canada's law
Feudal Contract Contract between the Lord and the vassal stating that in exchange for land and protection the vassal would provide knights, money and serve in the Kings court.
Created by: Mrs.Bach