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MOD A Unit 1


Abscess Localized collection of pus that occurs on the skin or any body
Alopecia Loss of hair; baldness
Albino Complete lack of melanin production by existing melanocytes, resulting in pale skin, white hair, and pink irides (iris)
Benign Non-Cancerous
Malignant Cancerous
Callus Common painless thickening of the stratum corneum at locations of external pressure or friction
Corn Horny mass of condensed epithelial cells overlying a bony prominence resulting from pressure or friction; also referred to as a clavus
Candidiasis Yeast infection in moist, occluded areas of the skin (armpits, inner thighs, underneath pendulous breasts) and mucous membranes. Also called moniliasis (mah nih LYE ah sis)
Cauterization Destruction of tissue by burning with heat
Cryosurgery Destruction of tissue through the use of extreme cold, usually liquid nitrogen
Cicatrix A scar-an area of fibrous tissue that replaces normal skin after destruction of some of the dermis
Debridement First step in wound treatment, involving removal of dirt, FB, damaged tissue, and cellular debris from the wound or burn to prevent infection and to promote healing
Decubitus ulcer Inflammation, ulcer, or sore in the skin over a bony prominence. AKA Bed Sore. (Page 15)
Dermatitis Eczema, carbuncle
Epidermis Outermost layer
Dermis (corium) inner layer
Hypodermis The connective tissue that attaches the dermis, mainly composed of adipose (fat) tissue
Follicle Root of the hair
Folliculitis Inflammation of the hair follicles, which may be superficial or deep, acute or chronic
Herpes zoster Acute, painful rash caused by reactivation of the latent varicella-zoster virus. AKA Shingles
Hyperhidrosis Excessive perspiration caused by heat, strong emotion, menopause, hyperthyroidism, or infection
Keloid Type of scar that is overgrowth of tissue at the site of injury in excess of the amount of tissue necessary to repair the wound. The extra tissue is partially due to an accumulation of collagen at the site
Malignant melanoma This cancerous tumor arises from mutated melanocytes. This particular cancer is the leading cause of death for all skin dz
Nevus Pigmented lesion often present at birth. AKA Mole
Nevus (ABCDE) A: Asymmetry B: Borders; irregular C: Colors, changes in or uneven pigmentation D: Diameter, increasing size or >6 mm
Onychomycosis Fungal infection of the nail
Pediculosis Parasitic infestation with lice, involving the head, body, or genital area
Pruritus Simply means itching. It can be associated with a number of disorders, including dry skin, skin disease, pregnancy, and rarely, cancer
Psoriasis Common chronic skin disorder characterized by circumscribed, salmon red patches covered by thick, dry, silvery scales that are the result of excessive development of epithelial cells
Sebaceous glands (acne) Secrete an oily, acidic substance called sebum. Acne is an inflammatory dz of the sebaceous glans characterized by papules, postules, inflamed nodules, and comedones (p.14)
Scabies Parasitic infestation caused by mites; characterized by pruritic papular rash
Skin tags Small, soft, pedunculated lesions that are harmless outgrowth of epidermal and dermal tissue, usually occurring on the neck, eyelids, armpits, and groin; usually occur in multiples. AKA Acrochordons
Sweat glands AKA sudoriferous or sudoriparous glands, from Latin sudor, meaning "sweat" they are small tubular structures of the skin that produce sweat through tiny openings called pores. Provide thermoregulation for the body
Tinea Corporis Ringworm of the body, manifested by pink to red papulosquamous annular (ring like) plaques with raised borders; AKA Ringworm
Tinea Capitis Fungal infection of the scalp; AKA Ringworm
Tinea Pedis Fungal infection of the foot; AKA Athlete's foot
Verruca Common contagious epithelial growths usually appearing on the skin of the hands, feet, legs, and face; can be caused by any of the 60 types of HPV AKA Warts
Vitamin D Essential for the normal formation of bones and teeth, helps eliminate waste products from the body
Vitiligo Benign acquired dz of unknown origin, consisting of irregular patches of various size lacking in pigment
Created by: nquiroz