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Ethics

DEOMI (test 5)

QuestionAnswer
Define Values concept of GOOD/BAD, DESIRABLE/NOT, PROPER/NOT
What are the 5 value categories (PSPER)? Personal Social Political Economic Religious
What are personal value examples? Family, environment, nation
What are social value examples? Regarding the rights of wider groups of people first
What are political value examples? Beliefs on how best to govern country/organizaion
What are economic value examples? $; equal employment, stability, property ownership, taxes
What are religious value examples? Ethical principals based on scripture/texts and established norms
Define Morals Beliefs about RIGHT/WRONG conduct, in light of values
What are implications of morals? They reflect LOCAL SENSIBILITIES/BEHAVIORS (that are desirable/not, acceptable/not, moral/immoral)
Define Ethics Standards conduct for indi/org. Developed thru continual reflection of right/wrong. Based on morals/values. Encompas "what's right for me/others"
Identify Moral Theory Making moral decisions: Choosing actions that'll bring GREATEST BENEFIT TO GREATEST # or that enable unit to fulfil msn. Sometimes based on principals or rules
Identify Moral Theory; What is the most common reasoning/decision making int he military? Goal-based ethics, followed by principle-based ethics
Identify Moral Theory; What is Goal-based ethics? OUTCOME BASED ideal (by making ethical decisions, you'll enjoy greater benefit)
Identify Moral Theory; What are the 3 principal difficulties of "goal-based ethics"? 1-Who determines 'the good', 2-don't know the 'right thing' till action complete, 3-Moral life full of uncertainties
Identify Moral Theory; What is "Principal- based" ethics? THEORY FOCUSED on general principles (ie; respect, autonomy, beneficence, justice).
Using "principle-based ethics" how are decisions made? Based on principles (philosophy, beliefs, doctrine, sense of duty). INTENTIONS IMPORTANT--not consequences
Identify Ethical Decision Making 1-Find facts, 2-List benefits/harms, 3-Identify COA fair to all, 4-Identify principals/values involved, 5-consider trng possiblities
Created by: tmjust4u