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68C Test 2 Intro A&P

68C 14-006

QuestionAnswer
Health History Subjective - symptoms are described by a patient, obtained through interview
Physical Assessment Objective - signs are observed by the nurse through assessment techniques
IPAP Four Physical Assessment Techniques. Inspection, Palpatation, Auscultation, Percussion
Inspection Physical Inspection Technique - critcal observation, most frequently used
Palpatation Physical Inspection Technique - Light and deep touch
Auscultation Physical Inspection Technique - Use of a stethoscope to listen to sounds within the body usually breath, heart, digestive sounds.
Antiseptic A substance that tends to inhibit the growth and reproduction of micro organisms.
Asepsis Free of pathogenic micro-organisms
Carrier An organism that can harbor and spread a pathogen causing disease but is not affected itself
Antiseptic Substance used to sterilize living tissue
Contamination Condition of being soiled, stained, touched, or otherwise exposed to harmful agents by the entry of infectious or toxic material into a previously sterile environment
Disinfectants A chemical that is applied to inanimate objects to destroy micro-organisms
Endogenous Infection produced from internal sources
exogenous Infection caused from a source originating outside of the organism
fomite Inanimate Source which introduces infectious material into an organism
host An organism or group of organisms who because of risk factors may be susceptible to diseae or illness
infection Invasion of micro-organisms, bacteria, viral, fungal, Parasitic that produce tissue damage
microbiology Science that studies microscopic organisms
opportunistic Normally benign pathogen causes disease when host organism has decreased resistance
pathogen Disease causing micro-organism
standard precautions inclusionary standards to protect healthcare workers from exposure to blood and body fluids. Designed to reduce risk of transfer of pathogens.
virulence strength of a pathogen. The number and capability of organisms needed to cause disease.
medical asepsis application of clean techniques to remove gross contamination
surgical asepsis Sterile technique used to destroy all micro-organisms, spores, pathogens
vector living carrier for transmission of pathogens
Healthcare Associated Infection Nosocomial Infection - Infection acquired within 48 hrs of being admitted into a hospital
Nosocomial Infection Healthcare Associated Infection - Infection acquired within 48 hrs of being admitted into a hospital
bacteriology branch of microbiology that sudies bacteria
aerobic uses oxygen (O2) to grow and thrive
Created by: lance.skewis