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Pharm Lesson 14

The following are activities related to the key terms for the chapter.

Addiction Physical and/or psychological dependence on a substance, especially alcohol or drugs, with use of increasing amounts (tolerance) and withdrawal reactions
Antidepressant Medication used to treat patients with various types of depression; sometimes called mood elevators
Antipsychotic Major tranquilizers used to relieve symptoms of psychoses or severe neuroses; sometimes called neuroleptics
Anxiolytics Antianxiety medications (tranquilizers) used for the short-term treatment of anxiety disorders, neurosis, some psychosomatic disorders, and insomnia
Ataxia Defective muscular coordination, especially with voluntary muscular movements (for example walking)
Atypical antipsychotics A newer class of antipsychotics with less potential for adverse effects, such as extrapyramidal symptoms and tardive dyskinesia
Bipolar disorder Manic-depressive mental disorder in which the mood fluctuates from mania to depression
Chemical dependency Condition in which alcohol or drugs have taken control of an individual’s life and affect normal functioning
Extrapyramidal Disorder of the brain characterized by tremors, parkinson-like symptoms, dystonic twisting of body parts, or tardive dyskinesia, sometimes associated with prolonged use of antipsychotic drugs and some other CNS drugs
Heterocyclics Second-generation cyclic antidepressants with very different adverse effect profiles
Monamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) Antidepressant agents used to increase serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine levels Neurotransmitters
Psychotropic Any substance that acts on the mind
Selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) Antidepressants that block the reabsorption of the neurotransmitter norepinephrine, thus helping to restore the brain’s chemical balance
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI) Antidepressants that block the reabsorption of the neurotransmitter serotonin, thus helping to restore the brain’s chemical balance
Tardive dyskinesia (TD) Slow, rhythmical, stereotyped, involuntary movements such as tics
Tricyclics Antidepressants that elevate the mood, have a mild sedative effect, and increase appetite
Created by: jillcyr