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PHS Unit 7

Human Growth & Development

Abraham Maslow Develop Hierarchy of Needs
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs states... that the lower needs must be met before a person can work towards meeting the higher needs.
Maslow's order for the Hierarchy of Needs are... 1) physiological, 2) safety and security, 3) love and affection, 4) esteem and 5)self-actualization
Physiological needs Food, water, oxygen, elimination of waste, protection from temperature extremes and sleep
Safety and security needs Free from fear and anxiety; feel secure in the environment; order and routine help provide safety & security
Love and affection needs Sense of belonging; give and receive friendship and love
Esteem needs Feeling important and worthwhile; gain a sense of self-respect when get approval and appreciation from others
Self-Actualization needs Person is who they want to be; Are confident and willing to express their beliefs and stick to them.
Why do health care providers need to know Maslow's Hierarchy of needs? Meet patient needs according to their hierarchical order.
Defense Mechanisms Unconscious actions used to cope with difficult situations
Displacement Transferring feelings to be expressed through or to less meaningful objects or people.
Compensation Substituting one goal for another goal in order to achieve success
Daydreaming Dreamlike thought process that occurs when a person is awake
Repression Transfer of unacceptable or painful thoughts into the unconscious mind
Supression Similar to repression, but the individual is aware of the unacceptable thoughts and refuses to deal with them
Denial Disbelief of an event or idea that is too frightening or shocking for a person to cope with.
Withdrawal Ceasing to communicate or physically removing yourself from a conflict or painful situation.
Growth & Development Types: Physical (body changes); Mental (mind development); Emotional (feelings); Social (interactions and relationships with others
Infancy (Birth to 1 year) Physical (rapid growth); Mental (become aware of their surroundings); Emotional (begin to show emotions) Social (Self-centered to recognition of others)
Early Childhood (1-6 years) Physical (bladder/bowel control & mature muscular system); Mental (rapid verbal growth); Emotional (Self-awareness & learning to control emotions); Social (Separation anxiety & play alongside kids)
Late Childhood (6-12 years) Physical (muscular coordination = sports & activities); Mental (learn problem solving); Emotional (distinct personality); Social (shift from individual activities to group & make friends)
Adolescence (12-20 years) Physical (puberty); Mental (increase knowledge & skills); Emotional (establishing self-identity); Social (more peer association)
Early adulthood (20-40 years) Physical (development complete & childbearing years); Mental (college, marriage, career, family decisions); Emotional (many stressors); Social (away from peer groups toward own mate/family)
Middle adulthood (40-65 years) Physical (graying hair, wrinkles, muscle tone loss & decrease in hormones); Mental (understanding of life & self and able cope with stress); Emotional (period of satisfaction); Social (family relationships decline)
Late Adulthood (65+ years) Physical (decline of body systems); Mental (short-term memory decline); Emotional (Distress - retirement, death of spouse, financial concerns & physical changes); Social (loss of self-identity w/retirement & isolation)
Terminal illness any disease that cannot be cured
Elizabeth Kubler-Ross Leading expert in the field of death and dying
Denial First stage of death and dying process; refuses to believe
Anger Second stage of death and dying process; when no longer able to deny
Bargaining Third stage of death and dying process; accepts death, but wants more time
Depression Fourth stage of death and dying process; realizes death will come soon
Acceptance Fifth stage of death and dying process; understands and accepts the fact they are going to die
Hospice Care Offers palliative care only, usually in patient's home, and gives patient right to die with dignity and comfort
Palliative care comfort care only
Living Will Advance directive that allows a person to state their wishes about medical treatments for the end of life in writing in the even that they cannon communicate those wishes directly.
Power of Attorney Advance directive that appoints a person that will be authorized to deal with all medical situation when you cannot speak for yourself.
Created by: vorachekt



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