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Intro to Human body

Identify the organs in the human body and describe

what is physiology? study of function
what are the increasing levels of structural complexity? molecule, organelles, cell, tissues, organ, organ system, organism
what is organelles? specialized structures that perform specific metabolic functions within the cells
what is an organ system? two or more organs that work together to perform a specific function
what is an organism? all the systems of the body that combine to make up a living being
what is ipsilateral? same side
what is contralateral? opposite side
name the organs located in the epigastric region. stomach and liver
name the organs located in the left hypochondriac region. heart, diaphragm and left lung
name the organs located in the right lumbar region. gallbladder and large intestine (ascending colon)
name the organs in the umbilical region. small intestine and large intestine (transverse colon)
name the organs in the right hypochondriac region. right lung and part of the liver
name an organ in the right inguinal region. appendix
name an organ in the hypogastric region. urinary bladder
to properly reconnect the disconnected bones of a human skeleton, you would need to have a good understanding of? anatomy
what system transports oxygen, nutrients, and carbon dioxide? cardiovascular system
what system breaks down and absorbs food? digestive system
what system functions in body movement, posture, and heat production? muscular system
what system regulates body activities through hormones? endocrine system
what system supports and protects the body? skeletal system
what system eliminates wastes and regulates the chemical composition and volume of blood? urinary system
what system protects the bod, detects sensations, and helps regulate body temperature? integumentary system
Name the system and the major organs whose function is to regulate body activities by nerve impulses. nervous system; brain, spinal cord, nerves, sense organs
name the system and the function whose major organs are lymph vessels, spleen, thymus, tonsils, lymph nodes. lymphatic system; returns proteins and fluid to blood, protect against disease, carries lipids from digestive system to the blood
name the system and major organs whose function is to supply oxygen to cells, eliminate carbon dioxide, regulate acid-base balance. respiratory system; lungs, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchial tubes
name the major organs and functions of the reproductive system. testes, ovaries, vagine, penis, uterine tubes, uterus; reproduces the organism and releases hormones
what are the three elements of a feedback system? receptor, control center, and effector
describe how the feedback system works. some stimulus disrupts homeostasis by -> increasing or decreasing a controlled condition that is monitored by -> receptors that send -> input and monitor change -> control center -> receives the input and provides output -> send out nerve impulses or chem
differentiate positive from negative feedback system. positive feedback system strengthens a change in a controlled condition while negative feedback system reverses a change in a controlled condition.
name the 11 body systems. integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, cardiovascular, endocrine, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, urinary, and reproductive system.
it is the system that regulates body temperature and detects sensations such as touch, pressure, pain, warmth and cold. integumentary system
what system regulates body activities through nerve impulses by detecting changes in the environment? nervous system
What system regulates the body activities through hormones transported by the blood to the organs? endocrine system
it is the system that supports the body, provides for muscle attachment and assists with body movements. skeletal system
it is the sytem that maintains posture and produces heat. muscular system
what system transfers oxygen from inhaled air to blood and carbon dioxide from blood to exhaled air? respiratory system
it is the system that returns proteins and fluid to blood and contains sites of maturation of B cells and T cells that protect against disease-causing microbes. lymphatic system
what system achieves physical and chemical breakdown of food and absorbs nutrients? digestive system
what system eliminates wastes and regulates volume and chemical composition of the blood? urinary system
what system regulates reproduction through producing gametes from testes that unite to form a new organism? reproductive system
name the components of nervous system. brain, spinal cord, nerves and sense organs like eyes and ears
name the components of endocrine system. all glands and tissues that produce hormones
name the components of integumentary system. skin, hair, nails, sweat and oil glands
name the components of skeletal system. bones, joints, cartilages
name the components of muscular system. skeletal muscle tissue, attached to bones, cardiac muscle tissue, and smooth muscle tissue
what are the components of cardiovascular system? heart, blood, blood vessels
what system transports oxygen and nutrients in the blood? cardiovascular system
what are the components of lymphatic system? spleen, thymus, lymph nodes and tonsils
what are the components of respiratory system? pharynx, larynx, trachea, and bronchial tubes
what are the components of digestive system? mouth, esophagus, stomach, small and large intestines, rectum and anus, salivary glands, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas
what are the components of urinary system? kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder and urethra
what are the components of reproductive system? gonads (testes or ovaries), uterine tubes, uterus, vagina, mammary glands, epididymis, ductus (vas deferens) and penis
it is the body's ability to detect and respond to changes in its internal or external environment. responsiveness
6 important life processes of humans. metabolism, responsiveness, movement, growth, differentiation, and reproduction
It includes motion of the whole body, organs, cells, and organelles. movement
it is an increase in body size may be due to increase in size of existing cells, number of cells. growth
It is the process whereby unspecialized cells become specialized cells. differentiation
it refers to either the formation of new cells for growth or replacement and the production of new individual reproduction
what is a feedback system? cycle of events in which a condition in the body is continually monitored, evaluated, changed, remonitored and reevaluated, etc.
any disruption that causes a change in a controlled condition. stimulus
monitored condition such as body temperature, blood pressure or blood glucose level. controlled condtion
body structure that monitors changes in a controlled condition and sends information (input) to a control center. receptor
body structure that receives output from the control center and produces a response that changes the controlled condition. effector
a large part of the body's internal environment which surrounds all body cells. interstitial fluid
homeostasis ir regulated by these 2 systems acting together or separately. nervous system and endocrine system
a type of feedback system that reverses a change in controlled condition. negative feedback system (ex. system that regulates blood pressure: if a stimulus causes blood pressure to rise, receptors in blood vessels send impulses to the brain and the brain sends impulses to the heart, the effector which results to the decrease in
a type of feedback system that strengthens a change in controlled condition. positive feedback system
it separates the abdominopelvic cavity from the thoracic cavity. diaphragm
what is the term for organs in the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities? viscera
Created by: practicalnurse



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