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Health Care Records - Q – Disease Terms & A – Meaning

acute sharp; having intense, often severe symptoms and a short course
chronic a condition that develops slowly and persists over a period of time
benign mild or noncancerous
malignant harmful or cancerous
degeneration gradual deterioration of normal cells and body functions
degenerative disease any disease in which deterioration of the structure or function of tissue occurs
diagnosis determination of the presence of a disease based on an evaluation of symptoms, signs, and test findings (results) (dia = through; gnosis = knowing)
etiology study of the cause of a disease (etio = cause)
exacerbation increase in the severity of a disease, with aggravation of symptoms (ex = out; acerbo = harsh)
remission a period in which symptoms and signs stop or abate
febrile relating to a fever (elevated temperature)
idiopathic a condition occurring without a clearly identified cause (idio = one's own)
localized limited to a definite area or part
systemic relating to the whole body rather than to only a part
malaise a feeling of uneasiness or discomfort; often the first indication of illness
marked significant
morbidity sick; a diseased state
mortality the state of being subject to death
prognosis foreknowledge; prediction of the likely outcome of a disease based on the general health status of the patient along with knowledge of the usual course of the disease; often noted in one word (e.g., “Prognosis: good”)
progressive pertaining to the advance of a condition as the signs and symptoms increase in severity
prophylaxis a process or measure that prevents disease (pro = before; phylassein = guard)
recurrent to occur again; describes a return of symptoms and signs after a period of quiescence (rest or inactivity)
sequela a disorder or condition usually resulting from a previous disease or injury
sign a mark; objective evidence of disease that can be seen or verified by an examiner
symptom subjective evidence of disease that is perceived by the patient and often noted in his or her own words
syndrome a running together; combination of symptoms and signs that give a distinct clinical picture indicating a particular condition or disease (e.g., menopausal syndrome)
noncontributory not involved in bringing on the condition or result
unremarkable common; not out of the ordinary or significant
Created by: shachi.pandit