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Medical Terminology

Revised Red Module

cost/o ribs
hist/o, histi/o tissue
idi/o unknown, peculiar
inguin/o groin
somat/o body
-duction act of leading, bringing
-emia blood condition
-gen, -genesis forming, producing, origin
gram record, writing
-megaly enlargement
-oid resembling
-oma tumor
-osis abnormal condition
-plasia formation, growth
-stasis standing still
-tropin stimulate
-uria urine
ab- from, away from
ad- toward
endo- in, with in
eu- good, normal
exo- outside, outward
infra- under, below
pan- all
peri- around
poly- many, much
super- upper, above
trans- through, across
ultra- excess, beyond
ACTH adrenocorticotropic hormone
BUN blood urea nitrogen
C and S culture and sensitivity
CXR chest x-ray
DM diabetes mellitus
DSA digital subtraction angiography
FBS fasting blood sugar
FSH follicle-stimulating hormone
Hct hematocrit
IDDM insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
IVP intravenous pyelogram
KUB kidney ureter bladder
NIDDM non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus
O and P ova and parasites
OB occult blood
PFT pulmonary function tests
PGH pituitary growth hormone
PTH parathyroid hormone
RAIU radioactive iodine uptake
Sx symptom
bi/o two
calc/o calcium
cardi/o heart
chlor/o green
glyc/o, glycos/o, gluc/o, glucose/o sugar, sweetness
kali/o potassium
morph/o form, shape, stucture
pancreat/o pancreas
parathyroid/o parathyroid gland
path/o disease
pelv/I, pelv/o pelvis
poster/o back (of body,) behind, posterior
proxim/o near, nearest
son/o sound
thym/o thymus gland
thyr/o, thyroid/o thyroid gland
toxic poison
-ac, -al, -ar -ic, -ior, -ous pertaining to
-crine secrete
-dipsia thirst
homeo- same
hyper- excessive, above normal
hypo- under, below, deficiant
ADH antidiuretic hormone
BMI body mass index
C and T cross-match and type
LLQ left lower quadrant
LUQ left upper quadrant
Mg magnesium
MRI magnetic resonance imaging
RLQ right lower quadrant
RUQ right upper quadrant
Created by: Barbara Ross