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Certification Review

Cardiovascular System--anatomy and terminology

angi/o vessel
ather/o yellow plaque (fat)
brachi/o arm
coron/o heart
cyan/o blue
myx/o mucous
phelb/o vein
sphygm/o pulse
thromb/o clot
brady- slow
de- lack of
dys- bad, difficult, painful
endo- in or within
inter- between
intra- within
meta- change, after
peri- surrounding
tachy- fast
-emia blood
-lysis destruction or separation
-megaly enlargement
-oma tumor
-osis abnormal condition
-plasty surgical repair
-sclerosis hardening
-stenosis narrowing or blockage
ASD atrial septal defect
ASHD arteriosclerotic heart disease
AV atrioventricular
CABG coronary artery bypass graft
CHF congestive heart failure
CK creatine kinase
CVI cerebrovascular insufficiency
MI myocardial infarction
NSR normal sinus rhythm
PST/PSVT paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia
PTCA percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty
PVC premature ventricular contraction
TEE transesophageal echocardiography
anastomosis surgical connection of two tubular structures, such as two pieces of the intestine
aneurysm abnormal dilation of vessel, usually an artey
angina spasmotic, choking, or suffocative pain
angioplasty procedure in a vessel to dilate vessel opening
atherectomy removal of plaque from an artery
auscultation listening for sounds within the body
bypass to go around
cardiopulmonary refers to heart and lungs
cardiopulmonary bypass blood bypasses heart through a heart-lung machine
circumflex a coronary artery that circles the heart
cutdown incision into a vessel for placement of a catheter
electrode lead attached to a generator that carried electric current from the generator to atria or ventricles
electrophysiology study of electrical system of heart, including study of arrhythmias
endarterectomy incision into an artery to remove inner lining
epicardial over heart
fistula abnormal opening from one area to another area or to outside of the body
hemolysis mass of blood that forms outside vessel
hypoxemia low level of oxygen in blood
hypoxia low levels of oxygen in tissue
invasive entering the body, breaking the skin
noninvasive not entering the body, not breaking the skin
pericardiocentesis procedure in which a surgeon withdraws fluid from pericardial space by means of a needle inserted percutaneously
pericardium membranous sac enclosing heart and ends of great vessels
Swan-Ganz catheter a catheter that measure pressure in the right side of the heart and in pulmonary artery
transvenous through a vein
Created by: sabrina.ray