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Chapter 12: Services

Mr.Lowes Class.

Basic Industries Industries that sell their products or services primarily to consumers outside the stettlement.
Business Services Services that primarily meet the needs of other businesses, including professional, financial, and transportation services.
Central Place A market for the exchange of services by people attracted from the surrounding area.
City-State A soverign state comprising a city and its immediate hinterland
Clustered Rural Settlement A rural settlemetns in which the houses and farm buildings of each family are situated close to each other and fields surround the settlement.
Consumer Services Businesses that provide services primarily to individual consumers, including retail services and education, health, and leisure services.
Dispersed Rural Settlement. A rural settlement pattern characterized by isolated farms rather than clustered villages.
Economic base A community's collection of basic industries.
Enclosure Movement. The process of consolidating small landholdings into a smaller number of larger farms in England during the 18'th century
Gravity Model A model that holds that the potential use of a service at a particular location is directly related to the number of people in a location and inversely related to the distance people must travel to reach the service.
Market Area(or hinterland) The area surrounding a central place from which people are attracted to use the place's goods and services.
Nonbasic Industries Industries that sell their products primarily to consumers in their community.
Orimate city THe largest settlement in a country, if it has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement.
Primate city Rule A pattern of settlements in a country such that the largest settlement has more than twice as many people as the second-ranking settlement.
public services Services offered by the government to provide security and protection for citizens and businesses.
Range The maximum distance people are willing to travel to use a service
Rank-Size Rule A pattern settlements in a country such that the nth largest settlement in 1/n the population of the largest settlement.
Service And activity that fulfills a human want or need and returns money to those who provide it
Settlement A permanent collection of building and inhabitants
Theshold The minimum number if people needed to support the service.
Urbanization An increase in the percentage of the number of people living in urban settlements.
Created by: Kwesi
Popular AP Human Geography sets




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